66 terms

Unit 7 Study Questions

In his book, Our Country: Its Possible Future and Its Present Crisis, the Reverend Josiah Strong advocated American expansion to
Page: 670
Which of the following was not among the small but dangerous international crises the United States experienced in the 1890s?
a) A conflict with Germany over the Samoan islands
b) A near-war with Italy over the lynching of Italians in New Orleans
c) The Valparaiso crisis with Chile over the killing of two American sailors
d) A conflict with Japan over naval refueling rights at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
e) A conflict with Canada over seal hunting near the Pribilof Islands
Page: 671
A major factor in the shift in American foreign policy toward imperialism in the late nineteenth century was the
Page: 669
The clash between Germany and America over the Samoan islands eventually resulted in
. Page: 671
Alfred Thayer Mahan argued that
Page: 670
The numerous near-wars and diplomatic crises of the United States in the late 1880s and 1890s demonstrated
Page: 671
To justify American intervention in the Venezuela boundary dispute with Britain, Secretary of State Olney invoked the
Page: 671
During the boundary dispute between Venezuela and Britain, the United States
Page: 671
A primary reason that the British submitted their border dispute with Venezuela to arbitration was
Page: 672
The near-war between the United States and Britain over the Venezuela boundary crisis ultimately resulted in
Page: 672
One reason that the white American sugar lords tried to overthrow native Hawaiian rule and annex the islands to the United States was they
Page: 672
Hawaii's Queen Liliuokalani was forced from power in 1893 because
Page: 672
Which of the following prominent American leaders was least enthusiastic about U.S. imperialistic adventures in the 1890s?
a) Theodore Roosevelt
b) William Randolph Hearst
c) Alfred Thayer Mahan
d) William McKinley
e) Grover Cleveland
Ans: Page: 672
Before a treaty annexing Hawaii to the United States could be rushed through the U.S. Senate in 1893
Page: 672
President Grover Cleveland rejected the effort to annex Hawaii because
Page: 672
The Cuban insurrectos who wanted to overthrow Spanish rule in Cuba
. Page: 673
Americans favored providing aid to the Cuban revolutionaries for all of the following reasons except
a) fear that the substantial American investment in Cuban sugar and other businesses would be lost.
b) a belief that Spain's control of Cuba presented a national security threat to the United States.
c) fear that Spanish misrule in Cuba menaced the Gulf of Mexico and the route to the proposed Panama Canal. .
d) sympathy for Cuban patriots fighting for their freedom.
e) the atrocity stories reported in the yellow press of William Randolph Hearst.
Ans: Page: 673-674
The actual purpose of the battleship Maine's visit to Cuba was to
Page: 674
The battleship Maine was sunk by
Page: 675
President William McKinley asked Congress to declare war on Spain mainly because
Page: 675
The United States declared war on Spain even though the Spanish had already agreed to
Page: 675
The Teller Amendment
Page: 676
The most successful American military action during the Spanish-American War was largely due to
Page: 670,676
A major weakness of Spain in the Spanish-American War was
Page: 677
On the whole, the United States Army's performance in Cuba was
Page: 677-678
The Philippine nationalist who led the insurrection against both Spanish rule and the later United States occupation was
Page: 676,685
When the United States captured the Philippines from Spain
Page: 676
The Rough Riders, organized principally by Teddy Roosevelt,
Page: 677
The end of the Cuban War came after the last substantial Spanish fleet was destroyed at the Battle of
Page: 677-678
When the United States invaded Puerto Rico during the Spanish-American War
Page: 678
The greatest loss of life for American fighting men during the Spanish-American War resulted from
Page: 678
At the time, the greatest controversy emerging from the Spanish-American War was over
Page: 679
All of the following became possessions of the United States under the provisions of the Treaty of Paris with Spain except
a) Puerto Rico.
b) Guam.
c) the Philippine Islands.
d) Hawaii.
e) Manila.
Page: 640,679
President McKinley justified American acquisition of the Philippines primarily by emphasizing that
Page: 679
American imperialists who advocated acquisition of the Philippines especially stressed
Page: 682
Anti-imperialists presented all of the following arguments against acquiring the Philippine Islands except that
a) it would violate the "consent of the governed" philosophy of the Declaration of Independence.
b) despotism abroad might lead to despotism at home.
c) the islands were still rightfully Spain's, since they were taken after the armistice had been signed.
d) annexation would propel the United States into the political and military cauldron of East Asia.
e) imperialism was likely to be more costly than profitable.
Page: 682
Starting in 1917, many Puerto Ricans came to the mainland United States seeking
Page: 680
On the question of whether American laws applied to the overseas territory acquired in the Spanish-American War, the Supreme Court ruled in the Insular Cases that
Page: 683
The United States asserted that it had a virtual right of continuing intervention in Cuba in the
Page: 683-684
By acquiring the Philippine Islands at the end of the Spanish-American War, the United States
a) assumed rule over millions of Asian people.
b) became a full-fledged East Asian power.
c) assumed commitments that would be difficult to defend.
d) developed popular support for a big navy.
e) All of these
Page: 679,684-685
In 1899, guerrilla warfare broke out in the Philippines because
Page: 685,691,692
America's initial Open Door policy was essentially an argument to promote
Page: 688
In response to the Boxer Rebellion, the United States
Page: 688-689
The Republicans won the 1900 election mainly because of
Page: 689
The Roosevelt Corollary added a new provision to the Monroe Doctrine that was specifically designed to
Page: 693
The Zimmermann note involved a proposed secret agreement between
Page: 747
President Wilson viewed America's entry into World War I as an opportunity for the United States to
Page: 748
Which one of the following was not among Wilson's Fourteen Points, upon which he based America's idealistic foreign policy in World War I?
a) Reduction of armaments
b) An international guarantee of freedom of religion
c) Abolition of secret treaties
d) A new international organization to guarantee collective security
e) The principle of national self-determination for subject peoples
Page: 748
The major problem for George Creel and his Committee on Public Information was that
.Page: 749-750
During World I, civil liberties in America were
Page: 750
In adopting the Nineteenth Amendment, giving women the right to vote, the United States was
Page: 753
Women's participation in the war effort contributed greatly to the fact that they
Page: 752-753
During World War I, the government's treatment of labor could be best described as
Page: 751
The two groups who suffered most from the violation of civil liberties during World War I were
Page: 750
The enormous nationwide steel strike of 1919 resulted in
Page: 752
The movement of tens of thousands of Southern blacks north during World War I resulted in
Page: 752
Two examples of forceful federal government action to organize the nation for war were
Page: 755
Most of the money raised to finance World War I came from
Page: 755
Despite reluctance by both the president and Congress, the United States resorted to forced conscription in 1917 because
Page: 756
Before Woodrow Wilson would agree to an armistice ending World War I fighting, he demanded that
Page: 760
The Germans were heavily demoralized by
Page: 761
a) preventing a seizure of territory by the victors.
b) an end to the European colonial empires in Africa and Asia.
c) a world parliament of nations to provide collective security.
d) national self-determination for smaller European nations.
e) free trade and freedom of the seas.
of the following goals except
Page: 763
After the Treaty of Versailles had been signed, Woodrow Wilson
Page: 764
Senate opponents of the League of Nations, as proposed in the Treaty of Versailles, argued that it
Page: 766
In the United States, the most controversial aspect of the Treaty of Versailles was the
Page: 764
The major weakness of the League of Nations was that it
Page: 767