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AMSCO Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Terms in this set (26)
Indian Removal Act
passed in 1830 by Congress; it called for the government to negotiate treaties that would require the Native Americans to relocate West.
The "average" American citizen, whose concerns are represented in government.
Universal Male Suffrage
The extension of the right to vote to all males regardless of social standing or race, whose movement had begun in the early-mid 1800's
Party Nominating Convention
Caucuses were replaced by nominating conventions. Party politicians and voters would gather in large meeting hall to nominate the party's candidates. The anti-Masons were the first to do this.
Way of very secretly nominating candidates; Jackson's election changed this to nominating conventions
Popular Election of President
democratic method of allowing the voters to choose a state's slate of presidential electors.
the system of employing and promoting civil servants who are friends and supporters of the group in power
John Quincy Adams
Secretary of State, He served as sixth president under Monroe. In 1819, he drew up the Adams-Onis Treaty in which Spain gave the United States Florida in exchange for the United States dropping its claims to Texas. The Monroe Doctrine was mostly Adams' work.
Refers to the presidential election of 1824 in which Henry Clay, the Speaker of the House, convinced the House of Representatives to elect Adams rather than Jackson.
Tariff of 1828
a heavy tax on imports designed to boost american manufacturing, Tariff passed to help Northern businesses but was hated by southerners such as Calhoun. Led to the Nullification Crisis
Revolution of 1828
the nickname given to the election of 1828 because of its great shift toward the common man
Peggy Eaton Affair
Social scandal that involved the rumored affair of the Secretary of War and a married woman; it was to make Jackson look bad, because the man involved was in Jackson's cabinet
Cherokee vs. Georgia
Marshall's court rules that a state could not seize lands without the consent of the domestic dependent nation; the Cherokee is considered its own nation in America
Worchester vs. Georgia
Supreme Court case ruling that the Cherokee Nation was a distinct territory over which only the federal government, not the states, had authority; largely ignored by Andrew Jackson and the state of Georgia
Trail of Tears
forced journey of the Cherokee Indians from Georgia to a region west of the Mississippi during which thousands of Cherokees died
a dispute led by John C. Calhoun that said that states could ignore federal laws if they believed those laws violated the constitution
Webster Hayne Debate
January 19-27, 1830: famous debate between Senator Daniel Webster of Massachusetts and Senator Robert Hayne of South Carolina regarding protectionist tariffs.
John C. Calhoun
South Carolina Senator - advocate for state's rights, limited government, and nullification
Bank of the United States
Institution established by Hamilton to create a stable currency and bitterly opposed by states' rights advocates
President of the Second Bank of the United States; he struggled to keep the bank functioning when President Jackson tried to destroy it.
chief justice of the supreme court who wrote an opinion in the 1857 Dred Scott case that declared the Missouri compromise unconstitutional
Popular term for pro-Jackson state banks that received the bulk of federal deposits when Andrew Jackson moved to dismantle the Bank of the United States in 1833.
issued by President Jackson July 11, 1836, was meant to stop land speculation caused by states printing paper money without proper specie (gold or silver) backing it. It required that the purchase of public lands be paid for in specie. It stopped the land speculation and the sale of public lands went down sharply. The panic of 1837 followed.
Panic of 1837
As a result of Jackson's economic policies, the United States went through another depression It resulted in the closure of many banks and record unemployment levels.
Martin Van Buren
senator, vice president, and president of the United States; the Panic of 1837 ruined his presidency, and he was voted out of office in 1840. He later supported the Free Soil Party.
Log Cabin and Hard Cider Campaign
1840 Whig election campaign designed to highlight Harrison's humble origins
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