22 terms

US History Chapter 16 -Life at the Turn of the 20th Century

Orville and Wilbur Wright
brothers that invented and flew the 1st airplane
George Eastman
inventor of the camera
Frederick Law Olmsted
an architect drew up plans for Central Park in NY
Booker T. Washington
African American educator who founded the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute
Tuskegee Industrial Institute
school that taught useful labor skills
W.E.B. DuBois
1st black to get a doctorate from Harvard
Niagara Movement
movement that insisted that blacks get a liberal arts education
Ida B. Wells
reformer who insisted on immediate legal equality for all races/ tried to stop lynching
poll tax
money one had to pay in order to vote
grandfather clause
clause that allowed poor educated whites to vote if their father/grandfather was qualified to vote
racial separation
Jim Crow laws
laws passed in the south that kept blacks and whites separated in private and public places
Plessy v. Ferguson
Supreme Court case that ruled that separating the races is legal.
debt peonage
system where own is forced to work to repay debts
Joseph Pulitzer
owner of the New York World newspaper, he introduced a Sunday edition (comics, sports and women's news)
William Randolph Hearst
owner of the New York Morning Journal and the San Francisco Examiner
Mark Twain
pen name of the novelist and humorist Samuel Langhorne Clemens (The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn)
Marshall Field
1st American department store in Chicago
Louis Sullivan
United States architect known for his steel framed skyscrapers and for coining the phrase 'form follows function' (1856-1924)
Daniel Burnham
Architect who designed The Flat Iron Building in NYC
Thomas Eakins
artist from Philadelphia, was a leader of the Ashcan School which painted
rural free delivery (RFD)
U.S. Postal system that brought packages directly to homes