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22 terms

organelles function

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Cell
A membrane bound structure that is the basic unit of life
Cell Membrane
The lipid bilayer that forms the outer boundary of the cell
Cell Theory
This says that all living things are made of cells, that cells are the basic unit of structure and function and that cells only come from other cells.
Cell wall
A rigid structure that surrounds the cells of plants and most bacteria
Chloroplast
A plastid containing chlorophyll, the site of photosynthesis
Cytoplasm
The region of the cell between the cell membrane and the nucleus
Cytoskeleton
A network of long protein strands in the cytosol that helps support the cell
Eukaryote
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Golgi apparatus
A system of membranes that modifies and packages proteins for export by the cell
Lysosomes
An organelle containing digestive enzymes
Mitochondria
Powerhouse of the cell, organelle that is the site of ATP (energy) production
Nuclear envelope
A double membrane that surrounds the nucleus in the cell
Nucleolus
The organelle where ribosomes are made, synthesized and partially assembled, located in the nucleus
Nucleus
The organelle that contains the DNA and controls the processes of the cell
Organelle
One of several bodies with a specialized function that is suspended in the cytosol of the cell
organ
several types of body tissues that together form a function
organ system
A group of organs that interact to perform a set of related tasks
prokaryote
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Ribosome
An organelle that functions in the synthesis of proteins
tissue
a group of similar cells that carry out a similar function
Vacuole
A fluid filled organelle that stores enzymes or water
vesicle
A membrane bound sac that contains materials involved in transport of the cell.