History revision - British society and economy in the 1950s
Terms in this set (53)
Men were expected tobe the _________, usually working in manufacturing or heavy industry
The inofficial _______ stooped women from getting jobs after marriage
What kind of society was Britain in the 1950s?
Women were in a _______ role in the 1950s
Little boys should be seen, not heard
Children were expected to be quiet and respectful, as is shown by the saying:
What was the system of schooling in 1944?
Secondary Technical, Secondary Modern, Grammar
What are the three branches of secondary schools?
How many percent of pupils went to Secondary Modern schools in the 1950s?
How many percent of pupils went to Grammar Schools in the 1950s?
Pupils left Secondary Modern Schools at the age of _____ with a certificate of education, then some went on to Technical College for more vocational training
Most pupils in sGrammar Schools stayed until age _______ to take the O-level exams, then many went on to take A-levels and then to university
Equal feelings of pride, achievement, and self worth
What was the 'parity of esteem' that authors of the 1944 Education Act hoped to build with different schools?
An example of a poorer area of Britain that could not offer the Eleven Plus
Which prime minister won a scholarship to a grammar school?
Time, disposable income
What two factors meant that there were fewer opportunities for leisure activities than later generations?
Men worked on average _______ minutes longer per day and had ____ weeks less holiday per year in the 1950s than by 1979
By 1979, women spent at least _____ minutes lesson housework per day, mostly due to the rise in ownership of labour-saving devices like vacuum cleaners
In 1953, a man's average wage would cover a weekly food bill after___ hours work, and this fell to ____ hours by 1981
The coronation of Queen Elisabeth
What made television ownership take off in 1953?
15,000, 10.5 million
How many TV licences were there in 1947 compared to 1960?
Less than ______ of the 1950s population took overseas holidays, and the majority went to the seaside by coach or train. Many factories would close for what was known as 'Wakes Week', where many workers went to the seaside
1.4 billion, 515 million
There were ______ cinema admissions per year in 1950, then only 515 million by 1959, due to the increase in TV licences
A simple and plain quality where there's not much money
What is austerity?
There was full employment in the 1950s, and men's wages rose _________ than prices
Slum-clearance and house-building
A huge programme of _________________ before and after the war meant many more people had homes with adequate heating, and indoor toilet, and hot and cold running water
10%, 25%, 33%
In 1951, only ________ of British homes lacked electricity, _______ did not have an indoor toilet, and ______ had an iron tub instead of a fixed bath
15, childcare or hairdressing
Most working class girls left school at the age of _____ with no qualifications, and those who did stay on often went to college to study in areas like ____________
Only _____ of doctors and _____ of the law profession were women
Most women gave birth to their first child in the first _______ years of marriage, and it was not acceptable for young mothers to work, since employers argued that the women would want to prioritize their children
Woman and home
Women's magazines, such as ____________ reinforced traditional social attitudes, with messages such as 'happy family' and 'keep your man'
There were _______ laws enforcing equal pay or opportunities for women
The number of women in work, especially part time work, ________ increased in the 1950s
In 1951, ______ of 20-64 year old women were employed part time, and this had increased to ____ by 1961
A quarter, nearly half
In the 1950s, women made up ______ of students at British universities, but in the 1970s, women made up _________
By how much did average wages increase by in the 1950s?
22 June 1948
When did the SS Empire Windrush dock in London?
Immigrant ambítions and views of Britain, recruitment campaigns by British firms, Shortage of labour, Encouragement and support for immigrants, law
What were five main factors that caused a rise in immigration into Britain in the 1950s?
Most early immigrants aimed to work in Britain for a __________ while sending money back to their families, then returning home the,selves
London Transport sent representatives to the Caribbean to search for staff, and _______ men were recruited in Barbados in ________
Low paid and unskilled
Britain enjoyed full employment because of the postwar economic boom; there were not enough British workers to fill all the available positions, especially __________ jobs. This was another reason why immigration increased.
Interest free, hostels
Some immigrants were given an ________ loan from their own government for travel cost, and London Transport provided _____ for many immigrants
1948 British Nationality Act
The _______ meant that all people living in the commonwealth were British citizens, so they could travel to Britain without a visa
One major reason immigrants moved to areas like St Ann's in Nottingham
Accepting work at lower wages
Some trade unions complained that immigrants were taking jobs from whites by _____
Some young men, such as those in working class ______ gangs sought to intimidate black men
General welfare benefits
Some politicians argued that many immigrants were coming to Britain to receive _________________ rather than coming to work
Many black immigrants were forced to take overcrowded and substandard accommodation because of signs saying _______
23 August 1958
When did the Notting Hill Riots begin?
How many youths fought each other at the Notting Hill Riot?
Almost two weeks
The Riots carried on for ________ with hundreds of young white men armed with chains and knives, saying chants like '******s out'
The Notting Hill Carnival
What was founded in 1949 to promote racial harmony?
More than ____ immigrants, which was around 3% of the total immigrant population, returned to the Caribbean after the Notting Hill Riots
Organisation for the Protection of Coloured People
The _____ was set up in response to the Notting Hill Riots