Chapter 17 APES Vocab
Human Health and Environmental Risks
Terms in this set (39)
Any impaired function of the body with a characteristic set of symptoms.
A disease caused by a pathogen.
A disease that slowly impairs functioning of an organism.
A disease that rapidly impairs the functioning of an organism.
A situation in which a pathogen causes a rapid increase in disease.
An epidemic that occurs over a large geographic region.
An infectious disease caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis, carried by fleas.
An infectious disease caused by one of several species of protists in the genus Plasmodium.
A highly contagious disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis that primarily infects the lungs.
Emergent Infectious Disease
An infectious disease that has not been previously described or has not been common for at least 20 years.
An infectious disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
A virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome.
Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever
An infectious disease with high death rates, caused by the Ebola virus.
Mad Cow Disease
A disease in which prions mutate into deadly pathogens and slowly damage a cow's nervous system.
A small, beneficial protein that occasionally mutates into a pathogen.
A chemical that disrupts the nervous systems of animals.
Chemicals that cause cancer.
Carcinogens that cause damage to the genetic material of a cell.
Chemicals that interfere with the normal development of embryos or fetuses.
A chemical that causes allergic reactions.
Chemicals that interfere with normal functioning of hormones in an animal's body
Dose Response Studies
A study that exposes organisms to difierent amounts of a chemical and then observes a variety of possible responses, including mortality or changes in behavior or reproduction.
An experiment that exposes organisms to an environmental hazard for a short duration.
The effects of an environmental hazard that are not lethal, but which may impair an organism's behavior, physiology, or reproduction.
An abbreviation for the effective dose of a chemical that causes 50 percent of the individuals in a dose-response study to display a harmful, but nonlethal, effect.
An experiment that exposes organisms to an environmental hazard for a long duration.
The study of the causes of illness and disease in the populations of humans and other organisms.
A study that monitors people who have been exposed to an environmental hazard at some time in the past.
A study that monitors people who might become exposed to harmful chemicals in the future.
Risks that cause more harm together than expected based on separate individual risks.
Routes of Exposure
The way in which an individual might come into contact with an environmental hazard.
How well a chemical dissolves in a liquid.
An increased concentration of a chemical within an organism over time.
the increase in a chemical concentration in animal tissues as the chemical moves up the food chain
The length of time a chemical remains in the environment.
Anything in the environment that can potentially cause harm.
Innocent Until Proven Guilty Principle
A principle based on the philosophy that a potential hazard should not be considered an actual hazard until the scientific data definitively demonstrate that it actually causes harm.
A 2001 agreement among 127 nations concerning 12 chemicals to be banned, phased out, or reduced.
A 2007 agreement among the nations of the European Union about regulation of chemicals.