Chapter 11: Human Development
Terms in this set (...)
Changing existing mental structures to explain new experiences.
Age of viability
The age at which a baby can survive in the event of a premature birth.
The belief that all things are living.
Interpreting new experiences in terms of existing mental structures without changing them.
A close, emotional bond of affection between infants and their caregivers.
The tendency to focus on just one feature of a problem, neglecting other important aspects.
The head-to-foot direction of motor development.
A varied combination of verbal interventions and behaviora modification techniques used to help clients change maladaptive patterns of thinking.
Piaget's term for the awareness that physical quantities remain constant in spite of changes in their shape or appearance.
A research design in which investigators compare groups of subjects of differing age who are observed at a single point in time.
An abnormal condition marked by multiple cognitive defects that include memory impairment.
The sequence of age-related changes that occur as a person progresses from conception to death.
The average age at which individuals display various behaviors and abilities.
An increase in the strength of a habituated response elicited by a new stimulus.
A limited ability to share another person's viewpoint.
The second stage of prenatal development, lasting from two weeks until the end of the second month.
Family life cycle
A sequence of stages that families tend to progress through.
Fetal alcohol syndrome
A collection of congenital (inborn) problems associated with excessive alcohol use during pregnancy.
The third stage of prenatal development, lasting from two months through birth.
Culturally constructed distinctions between masculinity and femininity.
Actual disparities between the sexes in typical behavior or average ability.
Expectations about what is appropriate behavior for each sex.
Widely held beliefs about males' and females' abilities, personality traits, and behavior.
The first phase of prenatal development, encompassing the first two weeks after conception.
A gradual reduction in the strength of a response when a stimulus event is presented repeatedly.
The inability to envision reversing an action.
A research design in which investigators observe one group of subjects repeatedly over a period of time.
Development that reflects the gradual unfolding of one's genetic blueprint.
The first occurrence of menstruation.
A difficult, turbulent period of doubts and reappraisal of one's life.
The progression of muscular coordination required for physical activities.
Recognizing that objects continue to exist even when they are no longer visible.
A structure that allows oxygen and nutrients to pass into the fetus from the mother's bloodstream and bodily wastes to pass out to the mother.
The period from conception to birth, usually encompassing nine months of pregnancy.
Primary sex characteristics
The sexual structures necessary for reproduction.
The center-outward direction of motor development.
The period of early adolescence marked by rapid physical growth and the development of sexual (reproductive) maturity.
The two-year span preceding puberty during which the changes leading to physical and sexual maturity take place.
Situation that occurs in cognitive development when the assistance provided to a child is adjusted as learning progresses.
Secondary sex characteristics
Physical features that are associated with gender but that are not directly involved in reproduction.
Emotional distress seen in many infants when they are separated from people with whom they have formed an attachment.
The biologically based categories of male and female.
The acquisition of the norms, roles, and behaviors expected of people in a particular society.
The first occurrence of ejaculation.
A developmental period during which characteristic patterns of behavior are exhibited and certain capacities become established.
An individual's characteristic mood, activity level, and emotional reactivity.
Zone of proximal development (ZPD)
The gap between what a learner can accomplish alone and what he or she can achieve with guidance from more skilled partners.
A one-celled organism formed by the union of a sperm and an egg.
AP Psych- Chapter 11
Psychology: Themes and Variations Chapter 11 Vocab
AP Psychology Chapter 11 Vocabulary