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Standard 3 Vocabulary
Terms in this set (36)
This is short for adenosine diphosphate. An organic compound that is composed of adenosine and two phosphate groups. With the addition of another phosphate group, it is converted to ATP for the storage of energy during cell metabolism. It then forms again, from ATP, when a phosphate group is removed to release energy
This is a biological process that requires oxygen.
This is a molecule that contains both amino and carboxylic acid functional groups. They are the building blocks of protein.
This is a simple biological process not requiring oxygen.
This is the main energy storage and transfer molecule in the cell.
This is the name applied to the cycle by which ATP are broken down to ADP with the release of energy, and the regeneration of ATP from ADP through the process of phosphorylation.
This is an organism that obtains its energy from inorganic substances or from the sun.
These are large chemical compounds, primarily consisting of carbon and hydrogen, that exist in living organisms.
This is a compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; it is used by cells to store and release energy. Sugars are made by chloroplasts through photosynthesis and consumed by mitochondria through cell respiration.
This is an element in the periodic table that is the basis for all organic molecules.
These are the components of the reservoirs of carbon that are exchanged in our environment.
This is the gas produced as a result of respiration.
This is the process that releases energy by breaking down food molecules in the presence of oxygen.
This is when atoms of elements combine by sharing electrons or by the complete transfer of electrons from one atom to another.
Energy stored in chemical bonds of molecules.
The changing of substances to other substances by the breaking of bonds in reactants and the formation of bonds in products.
This is a green pigment in chloroplasts that traps light energy from the sun.
This holds an organisms hereditary information.
The process by which cells release energy in the absence of oxygen.
This is a simple sugar that provides energy to organisms.
This is an organism that relies on complex organic substances for nutrition.
This is the first element in the periodic table, atomic number is one. This element combines readily with carbon and oxygen to form the basis for a huge number of organic compounds necessary to life.
A macromolecule made up of mainly carbon and hydrogen atoms that is primarily used for energy storage and in cell membranes.
These are all biochemical processes of an organism.
An organelle found in most eukaryotic cells described as "cellular power plants", because their primary function is to convert organic materials into energy in the form of ATP
This is the simplest type of carbohydrate, commonly known as a simple sugar, which acts as a building block for larger carbohydrates such as starches.
This is a macromolecule that holds cell information in a coded form. Made of sugar, phosphate and
This is formed as a waste product in photosynthesis and used as a reactant in respiration.
This is a chemical process that uses light to process carbon dioxide in plants.
This is a complex carbohydrate made from many different sugar molecules joined together.
This is an organism that supplies matter and energy, also known as an autotroph.
A single stranded nucleic acid that plays a role in protein synthesis. There are three different types.
This is the energy that comes to Earth from the Sun.
This is the energy needed to drive photosynthesis.
This substance is the universal solvent, it helps to make life possible on Earth. Most of Earth is covered with the substance and your cells are made mostly of it as well. We need this substance to survive.
This is the circulation of water between land, air and surface.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Standard 2 Vocabulary
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