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55 terms

Reading Vocabulary

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antonym
word that means the oppostie of another word
context
other words in a sentence or passage which help you figure out the meaning
dialect
the way people in a particular area or place speak EX: y'all instead of you
jargon
language or special terminology used by a particular group of people, often related to their work EX: medical terms used by people working in medical field
genre
form of writing EX: poem, short story
literal
having the precise, stated meaning of a word
non-literal
not having the exact, stated meaning of a word EX: He is driving me up a wall.
prefix
a syllable (or several syllables) at the beginning of a word which changes its meaning
root
the word base
scan
to review a passage quickly looking for key information
skim
to read quickly for the main idea of a passage
specialized vocabulary
terms which refer to a certain content area
strategy
a plan
suffix
a syllable (or several syllables) at the end of a word which changes its meaning or part of speech
synonym
A word having the asmae meaning, or nearly the same meaning, as another word
abstract term
an expression which is hard to understand because it cannot be defined
characterization
developing a character in a story by describing appearance, revealing thoughts, or letting the character speak
conclusion
a decision you reach based upon what you have read and learned
concrete terms
expressions which have exact, precise meanings EX: a 76-story building, half past midnight
connotation
suggested meaning of an expression EX: a well-worn armchair could be comfort
denotation
the direct, specific meaning of an expression EX: well-worn armchair is simply a shabby piece of furniture
generalization
broad overall statement concerning a particular topic
inference
an educated guess based on the clues the author has planted
information
facts, data; the things you need to know
key idea
the idea that the author is chiefly interested in supporting
loaded words
words which are meant to appeal to your emotions, or carry with them multiple meanings that are meant to influence your opinion EX: cigarettes "cancer sticks"
main idea
the most important idea that is supported by the rest of the paragraph or passage
plot
main events in a story; what happened to whom and in what order
point of view
perspective from which the story is presented
prediction
an assumption you make about what will logically happen next
setting
time and place of action in a story
theme
the big idea of a story which connects the character, setting, and plot
allusion
reference to something else EX: A character might say she was ready to build an Ark after the rain.
argument
a logical series of statements leading from a premise to a conclusion
author's purpose
the intentional message a writer wants to convey to readers; why the author is writing this
bandwagon
persuasion which claims that something is attracting growing support EX: "Everybody's doing it"
conflict
the problem a character in a story faces
details
small,but important, bits of information
emotional appeal
persuasion aimed at your feelings
ethical appeal
persuasion aimed at your sense of wanting to do what is right, fair, or honest
expert opinion
persuasion which includes the words of someone who is considered to be an authority on the subject
fact
something that is true
informative passage
an excerpt which is written to provide facts, data, and things you need to know
logical appeal
a persuasive attempt aimed at your ability to reason and make judgment
motivation
the reasons that people or characters act as they do
opinion
a belief, which may or may not be based on fact
personal attack
persuasive technique which aims its attack at an individual's private life
persuasive passage
an excerpt which is written to convince or change the reader's mind
propaganda
information designed to promote a cause or spread an idea, and usually to damage the opposing side
repetition
saying something over and over in an attempt to persuade
rhetorical question
a stated question that is not really intended to be answered but is asked to make a point
testimonial
a persuasive statement in which you explain the benefits you have received
text-to-self
relating the text to your own life experiences
text-to-text
connecting common themes between texts
text-to-world
relating the text to real world issues