58 terms

Geopraphy vocabulary

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Nile River
4000 miles, Major north-flowing river in northeastern Africa.
Rift Valley
Place where crust stretches until it breaks, A large elongated depression with steep walls formed by the downward displacement of a block of the earth's surface between nearly parallel faults or fault systems.
Escarpment
Steep face at the edge of a plateau, Steep slope or long cliff that forms as an effect of faulting or erosion and separates two relatively level areas of differing elevations.
Sahara
Desert in northern Africa. Largest hot desert in the world.
Oasis
Springs that bubble to the surface in the desert, A fertile spot in a desert where water is found.
Serengeti Plain
Large fertile plain in northern Tanzania.
Sahel
Arid area on the south flank of the Sahara that spans 6 countries, Zone of transition between Sahara and the Sudanian Savanna.
Desertification
The spreading of desert conditions, The process by which fertile soil becomes desert, typically as a result of drought, deforestation, or inappropriate agriculture.
Aswan High Dam
Dam embankment across the Nile River built for irrigation
Silt
Fertile soil along riverbanks, fine sand, clay, or other material carried by running water and deposited as a sediment, especially in a channel or harbor.
Canopy
Animal habitat in the upper layers of the rainforest, the uppermost trees or branches of the trees in a forest, forming a more or less continuous layer of foliage.
Aquifier
Rock layers of underground water, a body of permeable rock that can contain or transmit groundwater.
Basin
Low areas of land surrounded by mountains, a natural depression on the earth's surface, typically containing water.
Mount Kilimanjaro
a dormant volcano in Tanzania. It is the highest mountain in Africa.
Subsistence farming
Farming for survival, self-sufficiency farming in which the farmers focus on growing enough food to feed themselves and their families. The output is mostly for local requirements with little or no surplus for trade.
Stretches 3000 miles across Africa
Name an interesting fact about the sahara
90%
How much of the continent of Africa lies within the tropics
Tropical wet, Mediterranean, tropical wet and dry, humid subtropical, desert, marine west coast, semi arid, highland
Name Africa's climate types
Provides a home to many animals
Why is the rainforest important
Herds of wildebeests, gazelles, and zebras
What types of animals might you find in the grasslands
The roots help build up dry land
Why are mangroves important
1 billion
How many people live in africa
Farming
How do most people make a living
Plateau-African Plateau, basin-Congo Basin, Rivers-Nile River
Name 3 ladscapes and give an example
Nile
What is the longest river
Congo
What is the second longest river
Lake victoria
What is Africa's largest lake
Mount Kilamanjaro
What is Africa's highest mountain
Gold, platinum, diamonds
Name 3 resources Africa has
Coffee
What is their most profitable commodity
80%
How much of the world's platinum do they produce
Nigeria, Libya,Algeria, Angola
Which countries are Africa's leading oil producers
Gives farmers a regular supply of water,increases farmland by 50%, farmers can harvest 2 to 3 times per year, holds the nikes floodwaters
Describe the benefits of the aswan high dam
Nubians had to relocate, ancient treasures were lost, decreased soil fertility, farmers must now use expensive fertilizers, expensive drains had to be built, rates of malaria and other diseases increased, millions of gallons of water evaporate
Describe the problems with the Aswan high dam
17 days
How long can camels go without water
The spreading of desert conditions and farming, overgrazing of vegetation by livestock, widespread drilling and irrigation, animals trample the soil leaving it vulnerable to erosion
What is desertification and what are the human causes
4000 oil spills in last 4 decades, fires cause acid rain and respiratory diseases
How has desertification harmed the environment in Nigeria
Longest river in Africa, provides irrigation and fertile farm land for 95% of Egyptians
Important fact about nile
Controls flooding, provides a constant water supply for farmers
Important fact about the Aswan high dam
Ideal for huge herds of wildebeests, gazelles, and zebras
Important fact about the Serengeti plain
Highest mountain in Africa
Important fact about mount Kilamanjaro
Largest hot desert in the world
Important fact about the Sahara
Longest freshwater lake in the world
Important fact about lake tanganyika
2nd longest river in africa
Important fact about the Congo river
Used for farming and herding
Important fact about the sahel
Largest lake in africa
Important fact about lake victoria
Provide a home for many animals
Important fact about rainforests
Covers most of Africa except Mozambique and Somalia
Important fact about Africa's plateau
8th leading oil exporter in the world
Important fact about nigeria
Aprica
Latin word meaning sunny
Aprike
Greek word meaning without cold
Djouf
Large basin near Sahara
2 million barrels
How many oil barrels are exported out of Nigeria every day
1902
When was the first Aswan high dam built
1970
When was the 2nd Aswan high dam finished
2900 miles long
How long is the congo
1956
When was oil discovered in Nigeria?
Ghana, Mali, Songhai
Which groups ruled west Africa's great trading empires?