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LUOA English III Unit 1 Test Review

Test review for Unit 1 of English III for Liberty University Online Academy.
STUDY
PLAY
As a baby and young child, you went through stages of __________ that allowed you to learn English.
natural language acquisition
In the _____ stage, you used two- or three-word sentences to say everything you needed to say. You left off articles, pronouns, and prepositions.
telegraphic
In the _____ stage, you used one-word sentences.
holophrastic
Sometimes, you applied a rule everywhere, even places where it didn't apply. This tendency is called _____.
overgeneralization
A person learning a new language as an adult goes through a process called _____.
second language acquisition
You _____ your native language.
were taught
Human beings are _____ for language.
pre-wired
It is more difficult to learn a _____ language than a _____ language.
second; first
Humans learn sounds in their order of _____.
difficulty
holophrastic stage
stage 3
silent period
stage 1
adult capacity
stage 5
babbling stage
stage 2
telegraphic stage
stage 4
I putted the toys on the shelf.
adult-like conversation
Gurgle! Coo. Waaaaaah!
silent perios
Sand shoe! (I have sand in my shoes!)
telegraphic stage
ba ba, da da, ma ma!
babbling stage
Mo? (I want more!)
holophrastic stage
What is not one of the regional dialects of the United States? (General American, Standard, New England, or Southern)
Standard
The types of dialects many people speak include ethnic, regional, and _____.
social
What regional dialect is closest to Standard English?
General American
Dialects differ from one another in what aspects?
pronunciation, vocabulary, and idiom
African American Vernacular, Chicano English, and Cajun English are examples of _____ dialects.
ethnic
Teenagers tend to use their own special language with each other. This language is an example of a _____ dialect.
social
_____ is informal language used by members of a social group.
slang
_____ is technical vocabulary used i particular professions.
jargon
I reckon it's right time for supper. (regional, ethnic, or social dialect)
regional dialect
He be workin'. (regional, ethnic, or social dialect)
ethnic dialect
Pastor's message was such a blessing. (regional, ethnic, and social dialect)
social dialect
agreed-on ways to use language in different situations
usage
a common way of defining and using words
vocabulary
a common way of clearly expressing sentences
grammar
a common way of speaking and reading words
pronunciation
a common way of writing words
spelling
capitalization and punctuation rules
conventions
_____ language is used for everyday conversations in public places.
informal
_____ language follows a specific form.
formal
_____ language uses some colloquialism and slang.
informal
_____ language uses precise vocabulary.
formal
_____ language is used for ceremonies and other important occasions.
formal
_____ language is used in casual settings.
colloquial
_____ English is Standard English without precise vocabulary or specific form.
informal
_____ language is demonstrated by the statement: "This is my buddy Jon."
colloquial
_____ language is demonstrated by the statement: "I'd like you to meet John and Betty Smith."
informal
_____ language is demonstrated by the statement: "Please allow me to introduce Mr. and Mrs. Sterling Baughm."
formal
Oxford English Dictionary
ultimate dictionary authority today
the science of dictionary making
lexicography
believed that language change was the result of language corruption
language purists
a record of the way in which language is actually used
descriptive method
Dictionary of the English Language
Johnson's dictionary
attempts to slow or halt language change
language fixing
American Dictionary of the English Language
Webster's dictionary
scholars who set standards for how language should be used
grammarians
a record of scholarly opinion regarding how language should be used
prescriptive method
the use of literary texts to establish context for definitions of words
historical method
the history of a word
etymology
_____ dictionary was a grammarian's attempt to keep the language from "decaying".
Johnson's
_____ dictionary set a standard for American English.
Webster's
_____ dictionary represented the language of an educated elite.
Johnson's
_____ dictionary set a standard for British English.
Johnson's
_____ dictionary was the first to make wide-spread use of etymology.
Webster's
_____ dictionary represented the language of a broad base of educated people.
Webster's
_____ dictionary was the first to use the historical method.
Johnson's
_____ modeled patriotism and Christian conduct.
Webster's
descriptions of the "status" of a word, usually in abbreviated form (archaic, obsolete, regional, nonstandard, slang)
usage
the accepted meaning of a word
definition
the function of the word in a sentence
part of speech
the "history" of a word, beginning with the earliest language to which it can be traced
etymology
the word as it appears in other forms, correctly spelled
alternate forms
a date marking the first known appearance of the word in a written text
earliest recorded use
the word itself as it should be spelled
entry word
words meaning the same or nearly the same thing as the entry word
synonyms
the word as it should be pronounced
respelling