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35 terms

The Basics of SP/Workbook/Chapter 2 Anatomy and Pysiology

Wb ch 2 anatomy
1. Which branch of science refers to the form and organization of body parts? A. Biology B. Anatomy C. Physiology D. Microbiology
B. Anatomy
2. Which branch of science refers to the function of specific body parts? A. Biology B. Anatomy C. Physiology D. Microbiology
C. Physiology
3. The smallest and most numerous structural units possessing the basic characteristics of life are called. A. cells B. tissues C. organs D. systems
A. cells
4. Which of the following is not an environmental factor required for life? A. cold B. food C. water D. pressure
A. cold
5. The nucleus is the cell's A. brain B. protein C. skeleton D. membrane
A. brain
6. DNA is found in which part of the cell? A. nucleus B. cell wall C. cytoplasm D. cell membrane
A. nucleus
7. Complex structures with specialized functions within the body are known as A. cells B. atoms C. organs D. molecules
C. organs
8. Red blood cells develop in which part of the body? A. heart B. spleen C. gall bladder D. bone marrow
D. bone marrow
9. The smallest bones of the body are found in the A. foot B. hand C. vertebrae D. middle ear
D. middle ear
10. Which of the following supports the tongue and the functions in swallowing? A. skull B. vertebrae C. hyoid bone D. thoracic cage
C. hyoid bone
11. The skull, hyoid, vertebrae column, and thoracic cage are part of the A. pelvic girdle B. pectoral girdle C. axial skeleton D. appendicular skeleton
C. axial skeleton
12. Muscles make up what part of the body's bulk? A. 1/8 B. 1/4 C. 1/2 D. 3/4
C. 1/2
13. which of the following bones can be found in the axial skeleton? A. tibia B. radius C. femur D. sternum
D. Sternum
14. which of the following is a part of the appendicular skeleton? A. cranium B. humerus C. sternum D. hyoid
B. humerus
15. the femur, tibia, and fibula are bones of the A. upper limbs B. pelvic girdle C. lower limbs D. pectoral girdle
C. lower limbs
16. The humerus, radius, and ulna are bones of the A. upper limbs B. pelvic girdle C. lower limbs D. pectoral girdle
A. upper limbs
17. smooth muscle cells lack A. peristalsis B. striations C. motive power D. involuntary control
B. striations
18. what connects muscle to bone? A. fascia B. tendons C cartilage D ligaments
B tendons
19. specialized cells responsible for contractions in the body are called A skin B bones C nerves D muscles
D muscles
20. which of the following is the largest organ of the body? A skin B liver C heart D colon
A skin
21. nerves and blood supply are located in which layer of the skin? A dermis B epidermis C hypodermis D hyperdermis
A dermis
22. which of the following are responsible for providing immunity? A white blood cells B red blood cells C hormones D platelets
A white blood cells
23. the breathing process removes which of the following gases from body cells? A hydrogen B methane C carbon dioxide D carbon monoxide
C carbon dioxide
24.pH is regulated through which system in the body? A integumentary B circulatory C respiratory D digestive
C respiratory
25. which of the following transports food to the stomach? A tongue B larnyx C pharnyx D esophagus
D esophgus
26. the longest part of the GI tract is the A small intestine B large intestine C esophagus D stomach
A small intestine
27. which organ produces and secrets bile? A liver B gallbladder C large intestine D small intestine
A liver
28. the entire delicate central nervous system is protected by A fluid B muscle C fatty tissue D bony encasement
d bony encasement
29 the portion of the brain responsible for consciousness is the A cranium B cerebrum C cerebellum D brain stem
B cerebrum
30. which of the following is a function of the voluntary nervous system? A heart rate B saliva secretion C diameter of blood vessels D skeletal muscle contractions
B heart rate
31 which of the following is a function of the autonomic nervous system? A sensation B heart rate C mental functions D skeletal contractions
B heart rate
32 where is the tympanic membrane located? A ear B eye C nose D throat
A the ear
33 the bladder, ureters, and kidneys are part of the A reproductive system B circulatory system C urinary system d skeletal system
C urinary system
34 the seminal vesicles and bulbourethral glands are part of the A sensory B endocrine C male reproductive D female reproductive system
C male reproductive system
35 it is important for the cs/spd tech to learn anatomy and physiology in order to A diagnose illness B know more then their co-workers D be aware of the effects of microorganisms
C recognize where instruments are used