13 terms

Key Science Words Chapter 4 Kaufman-Guthrie

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Energy
The ability to do work or cause change.
Kinetic Energy
Energy that an object has due to its motion.
Potential Energy
The energy an object has because of its position; also the internal stored energy of an object, such as energy stored in chemical bonds.
Gravitational Potential Energy
Potential energy that depends on the height of an object.
Elastic Potential Energy
The energy of stretched or compressed objects.
Mechanical Energy
Kinetic or potential energy associated with the motion or position of an object.
Nuclear Energy
The potential energy stored in the nucleus of an atom.
Thermal Energy
The expansion of matter when it is heated.
Electrical Energy
The energy of electric charges.
Electromagnetic Energy
The energy of light and other forms of radiation, which travels through space as waves.
Chemical energy
A form of potential energy that is stored in chemical bonds between atoms.
Energy Transformation
A change from one form of energy to another; also called an energy conversion.
Law of Conservation of Energy
The rule that energy cannot be created or destroyed.