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Government Semester 1 Test
Terms in this set (101)
Which theory holds that God created the state and made it sovereign?
Divine Right Theory
Power resides with the local governments and central government is secondary in a
In a parliamentary government,
The prime minister belongs to both the executive and legislative branches
Which of the following is a duty of every American citizen?
Which of the following is a responsibility of every American citizen?
When Congress overrides a president's veto, it is exercising
In the American concept of democracy, which if the following is true?
The majority rules but must listen to minority argument
Which colonies were largely self-governing?
Which colonies were the least self-governing?
Under the articles of confederation how to the states act?
They often acted independently of one another and frequently refused to support the central government
The meeting of delegates in Philadelphia in 1787 became the
What finally solved the conflict at the constitutional convention over representation in congress?
IN WHAT WAY CAN THE JUDICIAL BRANCH CHECK THE POWER IF THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH?
rule other branches actions unconstitutional
A constitutional amendment may be proposed by
A two-thirds vote of congress
The "changes" portion of the constitution is called
In what ways is the formal amendment process an example of federalism at work?
Proposal is at the national level, ratification is State-by-state
Which of the following choices has been a major agent of government change, even though it was not mentioned in the constitution?
How is the constitution organized?
A preamble, 7 articles, & 27 amendments
Critics of grant-in-aid charge that they
violate the principles of division of power
The national government's power to run a post office is
an expressed power
sets out principles, structures, and processes of a government
the power to interpret laws
a politically organized body of people in a defined territory with power to make and enforce laws
the power to carry out and enforce laws
the institution through which soceity makes and enforces public policies
the power to make laws
powers are divided between a central and local governments
a government in which one person has unlimited political power
the legislative and executive branches are independent and coequal
an alliance of independent states
the executive branch consists of a prime minister or premier and a cabinet
a government in which a small group holds all political power
blending competing views and interests
the concept that the largest group will be right more often than it is wrong
restrictions on the type and number of buildings in an area
someone with certain rights and responsibilities in a state
based on private ownership, individual initiative, profit, and competition
free enterprise system
Every state must have
territory with recognized boundaries
Political scientists frequently classify governments according to
who participates in the governing process
Some people insist that the United States is a republic rather than a democracy because
the popular will is expressed by representatives, not directly by the people
Power resides with the central government and local governments are secondary in a
The democratic concept of equality entitles all to equal
The key relationship between democracy and free enterprise is that both
are based on the concept of individual freedom
In the development of American government, which of the following has been most significant?
social contract theory
Services provided by the U.S. government are mostly intended to
promote the general welfare
Power resides equally in the central and local governments in a
In a parliamentary democracy, the chief executive is chosen by the
In a free enterprise system, who decides what, and how much, to produce?
consumers and sellers
The U.S. government is correctly classified as
federal, presidential, and an indirect democracy
The unitary form of government
creates local units of government only for its own convenience
In a free enterprise system, when demand for a product increases, the price of the product will
If a state is sovereign, it
has supreme and absolute power within its own territory
In the American economic system, the government will probably NOT
ell a business what to charge for its services
Which theory about the origin of the state is probably the most compatible with democratic ideals?
social contract theory
A central notion of the American concept of democracy is that
the individual is of paramount importance
help validate the force theory of the state
When the will of the people is translated into public policy directly by the people themselves, what kind of government exists?
a pure democracy
From the standpoint of geographic distribution of power, three basic forms of government exist: federal, confederate, and
According to the U.S. Constitution, one of the purposes of government is to
The claim that the state developed naturally out of the early family is the heart of the
evolutionary theory of government
Rhode Island and Vermont are not sovereign states in the international, legal sense. Why not?
They are subordinate to the U.S. Constitution
One characteristic of dictatorships is that
rulers cannot be held responsible to the will of the people
When Congress overrides a President's veto, it is exercising
having two houses
the idea that government should serve the will of the people
protection against the arbitrary taking of life, liberty, or property
a written grant of authority from the king
the idea that government is restricted in what it may do
having only one house
a representative who serves in a congress
a joining of several groups for a common purpose
the idea that government can exist only with the consent of the governed
a plan to unite the 13 colonies for trade
Albany Plan of Union
cannot be surrendered or transferred; sacred
a refusal to buy or sell certain goods
to change or modify for the better
a ceremonial induction into office
having the approval or consent of all
plan of government adoopted by the Continental Congress after the American Revolution
article of confederation
uprisings in western Massachusetts in 1786-1787
prevented Congress from restricting the slave trade for 20 years
commerace and slave trade compromise
an agreement about how to count slaves when determining the population of a State
those who opposed the ratification of the Constitution
those supporting the ratification of the Constitution
Congress can enact legislation that may supersede state authority and preempt state regulations because of the
Interstate compacts require the consent of
The privileges and immunities Clause requires a state to
allow any american to become a resident of that state
Before it can become a set, a territory applying for statehood must
Draft a proposed state constitution
Each state must respect and recognize the validity if actions taken from other States because of the
Full faith and credit clause
Which of the following might best describe the Framers' reasoning in choosing federalism?
A divided government is less prone to abuse
Which of the following is an exception to the Full faith and Credit clause?
What one function clearly sets parties apart from other groups in the political process?
The democratic party barely survived as a national party after
The issue of slavery split the party
When minor parties become successful at gaining support for their proposals, what is most likely to happen?
Their platforms are adopted by one of the major parties
How do elected officials in multi-party system get anything done when no single party has a majority?
by forming coalitions among the different parties
Which of the following shows the correct order in which the landmark English documents were signed?
Magna Carta - Petition of Right - English Bill of Rights
Under the Articles of Confederation
Congress did not have the power to tax
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