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A condition of gravitational and buoyant equilibrium between Earth's lithosphere and asthenosphere.
A process in which the deposited material from an ocean/river causes the ocean floor to sink by isostasy.
An adjective used to describe materials that respond to stress by bending or deforming without breaking.
A break in a body of rock along which one block slides relative to another; a form of brittle strain.
A special type of reverse fault in which the fault plane is at a low angle or is nearly horizontal.
A fault in which the rock on either side of the fault plane slides horizontally in response to shear stress.
A group of two mountain systems (the circum-Pacific belt to the West and the Eurasian-Melanesian belt to the East).
Mountains that form when tectonic movements squeeze rock layers together into accordion-like folds.
Mountains that form where faults break Earth's crust into large blocks and some blocks drop down relative to other blocks.
A circular or elliptical, almost symmetrical, elevation or structure in which the stratified rock slopes downward gently from the central point of folding.
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