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Filtration forces water out of capillaries into tissue spaces, and the name for this waters changes from:
Plasma to fluid
The direct effect on the kidneys of the hormone aldosterone is to:
increase the reabsorption of sodium and excretion of potassium
The absorption of calcium ions by the small intestine and kidneys is increased by
The intracellular cation that is essential for repolarization of neurons and muscle cells is
When the body is at rest, the skeletal muscles produce a significant amount of heat because of:
The Kerbs cycle and the cytochrome transport system take place in which part of the cell?
Most of the ATP produced during cell respiration is produced in which stage?
cytochrome transport system
Most of the ATP produced in cell respiration is produced during which stage?
cytochrome transport system
In order to be used for energy production, amino acids may be changed to all of these except:
In order to be used for energy production, fatty acids and glycerol may be changed to all except:
The hormone that increases protein synthesis and that use of all three food types for energy is:
In women, the two hormones that promotes growth of blood vessels in the endoetrium are
estrogen and progesterone
The hormone that increases the use of fats and excess amino acids for energy while sparing glucose for use by the brain
Localized hormones that are synthesized from the phospholipids of cell membranes are called
The secretion of insulin in response to fluctuating blood glucose level is an
Negative feedback mechanism
If body fluids are becoming too acidic, the kidneys will excrete more of these ions in urine
If body fluids are becoming too alkaline, the kidney will excrete more these ions in urine
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) is produced by the ___________ and causes he kidneys to excrete __________________.
heart and sodium ions
The vitamin produced by the normal flora of the colon in amounts sufficient to meet a person's daily need is:
The capillary networks and lacteals in the villi of the small intestine are important for
absorption of nutrients
The absorption of amino acids and glucose into the capillary networks of the villi is accomplished by the process of
The liver is stable to detoxify potentially harmful substances by means of the synthesis specific
In the nasal cavities and trachea, mucus and pathogens are swept to the pharynx by
Within the alvoli, surface tension is decreased and inflation is possible because of the presence
During inhalation, the thoracic cavity is enlarged from the top to bottom by contraction of the
Diaphragm which moves down
The factors that increase the release of oxygen from hemoglobin in systemic capillaries include all these except
The gas that is the most important chemical regulator of respiration is
CO2 because it presents in excess it lowers pH of bod fluids
The receptors that detect a decrease in the oxygen level of the blood are located in the
carotid and aortic bodies
If pneumonia decreases the exchange of gases in the lugs, the resulting pH imbalance is called
The masses of lymphatic tissues located below the epithelum of mucous membranes are called
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