By the late nineteenth century, most of the Old Immigrant groups from northern and Western Europe
a. actively promoted the idea of a multicultural America.
b. were still regarded with suspicion and hostility by the majority of native Americans.
c. had largely abandoned their ethnically based churches, clubs, and neighborhoods.
d. were largely accepted as American, even though they often lived in separate ethnic neighborhoods.
e. still maintained a primary loyalty to their country of origin, especially Ireland or Germany.