History Definitions and Vocab
Terms in this set (41)
Abraham is the first leader of the Hebrews and is a prophet. He turned the Hebrews into a monotheistic religion, and had a kid when he was 99 named Isaac. He was about to sacrifice the kid to God but it was jut a test of loyalty so he didn't end up having to. Made the covenant between God and the Hebrews for the first promise land, Egypt. He lead the slaves there.
Moses started ethical monotheism and lead the slaves out of slavery in Egypt and was the leader of the exile to the second promise land, Canaan. He used God's power to start the 10 plagues in Egypt. He was walking in the dessert and found a burning bush and got the 10 commandments from God and then saw kids worshiping a sacred cattle and smashed it in the cows head and had to ask for another copy of it.
The first king of Judah. He only ruled for 2 years. He was a warrior, and he represents the fight for the promise land.
David was the second king and established Jerusalem as the capital. He was mostly known from the "David and Goliath" story that represents the fight against the Philistines for Canaan. They finally win when David is the king.
Came after David and was the third king of Judah. He brought Judah to a golden age, but was also responsible for the downfall. He build Soloman's temple but it costed to much that people were working for free and having to go to other countries to work to get enough money to build it.
Jesus was born from humble Jewish parents in a little town of Bethlehem in Judea. When he was 30 he started teaching people, and he soon got many followers. He had 12 main apostles and many disciples. Jesus was crucified on the cross by Pontius Pilate who was the roman emperor of Judea.
"Paul's the Man"
Paul's missionary goals are:
1. to use his roman citizenship to spread his religious teachings all throughout the world
2. to revisit the churches he set up to make sure they were teaching the right thing (letters)
3. prove the loyalty of the Gentile churches by getting money from them and giving it to Jerusalem.
Paul's Old Age - Apocalyptic Paul, who preached that the world was going to end, and preached that Satan was among them
Paul's New Age - God was the New Age as he sent down Jesus to be the Messiah
The Old Age won because Jesus gets killed, but God thinks the New Age won because he resurrects Jesus but Jesus won't come down from heaven until the world ends.
A roman emperor that crucified Jesus
a disciple of Jesus that challenged Jewish teachings with new Jewish ideas. He taught that the old teachings must give way to the new. His actions signaled that their beliefs would open up a strong new religion, and it did.
an apostle of Jesus who was a baptized Roman soldier (pagan). He made the statement that Christianity is not just a for Jews. His actions also signaled that his beliefs would open up a new strong religion.
Constantine was an emperor of Judea and was in favor of Christianity. He started the Edict of Milan which is a statement saying that you can believe in whatever god you want based on your religion. He also started the Council of Nicaea. In the council, thy made the Nicene Creed which is a prayer, and the Holy Trinity, which is God and Father, God and son, and God and the Holy spirit.
He made Christianity the official religion of the Roman empire. Anyone that believes in Christianity has to be a Roman citizen.
moves a lot
believing in one god
someone who talks to god
a jewish scholar or teacher
when you get nailed to the cross
12 main disciples of Jesus
followers of Jesus
treating someone badly based on their religion
someone who is killed because of their religion
anything that is organized by rank or importance
someone who spreads their religion
people who tell right from wrong
monotheistic people that are nomadic
written laws that were given to Moses by God. they deal with themes including God + Man, God + Family, and God + Community
the first promise land was promised to Abraham from god and it was Egypt, and the second promise land was promised to Moses from God and it was Canaan
enslaved the Hebrews when they moved to Egypt and when Moses came, he asked the Pharaoh to free the Hebrews and he didn't do Moses led them out of Egypt and then used God's power to send the 10 plagues to Egypt
Were living in Canaan with the Philistines when Moses and the Hebrews came an they took over them and won the battle for Canaan.
Were living in Canaan with the Canaanites, and the David and Goliath story represents when they finally defeated the Philistines for Canaan
David established Jerusalem as the capital of Judah, and it was a place where the Israel went after the first exile out of Babylonian Captivity.
After Solomon died after he ruled, the Israelites revolted against Solomon's son, and they get captured by the Babylonians and get sent into an exile.
Jesus is the Messiah, or savior, that was sent down from God
The first rebellion against Romans and Judah.
Judea is an ancient part of Palestine
First, his message was to get revenge on people, but then during the Sermon on the Mound, he preached peace.
Zealots, Pharisees, Sadducees, and the Essenes
the day Jesus got crucified
Were assasins called the Sacarii (dagger men). They were revolutionary and started a war with the romans even though they knew they couldn't win. Not only opposed Romans, but opposed everyone who even cooperated with the Romans.
Competed for the same crowd that Jesus preached to, and their teachings were rooted to the Torah. The only sect to survive the Roman takeover. Had a political agenda where they opposed the Romans and a spiritual agenda where they competed w/ Jesus' teachings. Dispersed during the Diaspora