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Carpentry subset: Structures/Components
Terms in this set (87)
A wall between two buildings that are side-by-side.
air barriers - interior and exterior
Prevent air from moving toward the inside or outside of a building.
The up and down distance between an outlet, such as a tap, and the flood level of the container that it flows into.
alternate top bevel
Any device used to hold building members in place so that they don't move or bend. They can hold members to a concrete wall, to another member, or another structure.
A hole in a concrete structure. Also, can refer to the frame that is placed in a concrete form to create the hole in the concrete.
The framings around a wall opening - for a window or door.
A piece of tubing that covers a structure. Also, can refer to a piece of tubing used to create a blockout so that wiring or other pieces may be placed in the hole.
A notch that is cut into a rafter so that it can sit flat on the top of the wall plate. See roofing.
This type of wall supports primary vertical loads in a building.
A hollow horizontal member that looks like a box. It may be used to cover pipes or cords.
A structural piece that is used to resist weights or loads. Eg: It may be used to hold wall forms in place to resist the weight of the concrete when it is placed.
built up beam
A single piece that is made up of several smaller pieces that are fastened together.
A structure that projects from a building. It is not supported at one end. It is used to support an extension.
*cantilever barrier stop
A smooth cover for concrete piles that make it possible for test weights to be evenly spread out.
An opening in the roof of a house or building that the chimney will fit into.
collar tie/collar beam
A member that ties opposite rafters. See roofing.
A band that goes around a structure to protect it or strengthen it. Eg: A piece that goes around the leg of a chair or table, or a bracing piece that is bolted to the pieces around a supporting post in a deck.
column - footed
A column that sits on a base.
column - stepped
A column that is set upon a step and riser.
*column - strip
column - tapered
A column that is wider across its base than across the top.
column - pilaster
A column that is attached to the face of a wall to provide extra support for the wall.
A structure that is made up of a platform and the supports that hold it in the air off the ground. It used for workers who have to work on high buildings.
Covering for walls that can provide extra strength, insulation, or a surface for nails.
Door frame members that are vertical.
Soft material that is placed between a wall and a sill to prevent air flow or water leaks.
Wood framing that is placed on top of a foundation that supports the structural members that are built on top of it.
A piece of wood that is placed between structures to keep them apart at the right distance.
*stand off wall construction
*stand off wall system
Thin strips of lumber that are attached to the inside of a wall or ceiling. When in place, lath and plaster can be attached to it.
stressed skin panel construction
A type of construction where structural pieces are made up of sheets of plywood that are screwed or nailed and glued to 2 x 4 members.
Vertical members that are attached to horizontal supporting members that support concrete forms. They make the forms stronger so that they keep their place and form while concrete is being placed.
The ability of a structure to resist movement, or lose strength and shape.
A wall that separates two areas, but is approximately one half of the usual height.
post, beam and plank construction
recessed header joints
The unfinished surface formed by the planks or boards that are attached to the end of roofing rafters.
An opening in wall. Builders will place a window or door or other finished part into this type of opening.
opening for flush/wall beams
Structural members that can be made of wood, concrete, steel or other material. They are driven into the ground and provide support for the structures that are built on them.
Sheets of material that are applied to the exterior of a structure to prevent water from leaking into the structure.
flush gable - dropped
The part of the foundation that is lowest in the ground. It supports loads of the foundation and the structure and transfers the loads into the ground.
Joist that is perpendicular to trimmer joints. It supports frame openings.
Strips of material that are attached to the inside of the frames of doors and windows. They are placed at the top, sides and bottom of the opening.
A vertical pipe used to support horizontal structural loads. May be filled with concrete to increase their strength.
A type of roof where each side has two slopes. The first slope is from the ridge to partway down the rafters; the second slope is from this point to the outside walls of the building. See roofing.
A piece is level if it is exactly horizontal. This term also refers to different stories in multi-story building.
A process of attaching a reinforcing piece of lumber to a joint to add strength and stability.
1. Verb: divide land into sections.
2. Noun: vertical structures that separate areas, such as walls.
A strip of lumber that is attached to a window frame to stop the movement of the window panes or screens.
A method of framing houses where the studs extend from the first floor sill to the roof plate.
bottom plate/sole plate
The bottom horizontal member of the framing for a wall.
The distance between the inside surfaces of structural supporting members. Over this distance, the joists are not supported by vertical members.
A small utility building.
A type of roof that has one slope only, and slopes in one direction. See roofing.
A slab that is hung from a support.
Horizontal member that sits on a header joist and spans to a supporting wall in a floor or ceiling opening.
top place tie-on
1. Covers the top of a pile to protect it against damage when it is being driven into the ground.
2. Member that is placed across a pile to spread out the load that the pile supports.
1. Horizontal support for concrete forms.
2. Horizontal members at the top or bottom of a framed wall.
A floor surface. In large equipment, this is the area where the operator sits.
fire stop/draft stop
Building parts or materials that seal a structure so that fire cannot spread.
high alternate top panel
A single piece, complete in itself, that is found in a structure.
double wall frame
double wall construction
Vertical structure member that supports walls or partitions.
Molding, or finishing piece that is used to cover the space between the frames of doors or windows and the wall.
Structures used to hold forms rigid during the placement of concrete. Yokes prevent the wood forms from spreading while concrete is being poured into them.
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