26 terms

Food Chain Vocabulary

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Omnivore
An animal that eats both plants and animals.
Organism
A living thing.
Parasite
an organism that grows and feeds on another organism.
Producer
An organism in a food chain that is able to make its own food.
Primary Consumer
An organism in a food chain that eats a producer.
Prey
An animal that is hunted and eaten by a predator.
Top Predator
A predator in a food chain that no other consumer eats.
Tertiary Consumer
An organism in a food chain that eats carnivores.
Food Chain
A group of plants and animals that all have a relationship with each other through what they eat.
Food Web
The interconnected feeding relationships within an ecosystem.
Herbivore
An animal that eats only plants.
Scavenger
An animal that eats animals that are already dead.
Secondary consumer
An organism in a food chain that eats primary consumers, usually herbivores.
Species
A group of organisms that are physically similar and can produce offspring.
Carnivore
An animal that eats only other animals.
Competition
The struggle between organisms of the same or different species for limited resources, such as food, light, or territory.
Consumer
An organism in a food chain that eats other organisms, especially live ones.
Photosynthesis
The process by which plants convert energy from the sun into food.
Population
All the members of one species in a particular area.
Predator
An animal that hunts and eats other animals to survive.
Host
An organism off of which a parasite feeds.
Invasive Species
A species that moves into an ecosystem and does harm to the other species living there.
Mollusk
A type of animal with a soft body and no backbone, such as an oyster, clam, mussel, snail, slug, or octopus.
Crustacean
A member of a group of mostly aquatic invertebrates that includes crabs, lobsters, and shrimp.
Decomposer
An organism in a food chain that breaks down organic matter.
Ecosystem
A biological community of organisms together with their environment.