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61 terms

Mod B chapter 3

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anaerobes
microorganism that do not requiere oxygen to grow
autoclave
equipment that sterilizes objects through the use of steam under pressure or gas
bacilli
rod-shaped bacteria
center of disease control and prevention
federal agency responsible for establishing guidelines to prevent the spread of disease-producing microorganism
cocci
round or spherical bacteria
desinfection
destruction or inhibition of the activity of pathogens but not of spores
exposure incident
contact with blood o other biohazardous and infectious materials that occur at work
indirect contact
method by wich microorganisms are transmitted other than by person to person contact
material safety data sheet
fact sheet about chemicals that includes handling precautions and first-aid procedures after a person has been exposed to a chemical
method of transmission
way that microorganisms are passed on the other hosts or objects
normal flora
microorganisms that naturally occur within certain body system
parasite
infectious organism that needs a host to live or survive
protozoa
single celled animal
rickettsiae
microorganisms that live in a particular species of insect and are transmitted through its bite
right to know law
hazard communication standard that allows each employee to know of potential exposure problems
route of entry
way in wich a microorganism enters the body
spirilla
spiral or corkscrew shaped bacteria
sterile
free from all microorganism including spores
sterilization strip
chemical indicator embedded within the center of a wrapped, dense pack that shows conditions for sterilization within the pack
streptococci
bacteria that appear in chains
surgical asepsis
removal of all microorganisms from an object including spores
susceptible host
person, insect, or animal that can be infected easily by a particular microorganism
transient flora
microorganisms that easily transfer to a host because of its location
viruses
smallest of all microorganisms, visible only under electron microscopy
work practice controls
minimaze the possibility of infectious exposure to employees
surgical handwash
cleaning the hands with an antiseptic solution using a prescribed time and action to remove most microorganisms possible
microorganisms
are found in the air we breathe, on our skin, on everything we touch, and even in our food
protozoa
are single celled animals found in contaminated water and decaying material
medical asepsis
is the proces of making an area clean and free of infection causing microorganism
biological indicator
provides the only true indication that an item is sterile
fungi
include yeast and molds
OSHA mandates that employers must provide
an exposure control plan, implementatiom of engineering controls, PPEs
the CDC recommends the use of
alcohol based handcrubs by all health care providers during patient care
hand hygiene
antiseptic handrubs, handwashing, antiseptic hand wash, and surgical handwashing
sanitization
reduces the number of microorganisms on an item
nonsterile disposable gloves
are used when performing clean procedures
when storing autoclaved instruments
the packages with the oldest date are placed up front
engineering controls
are equipment and facilities that minimaze the possibility of exposure to microorganisms
aerobes
are microorganisms that need oxygen to live
bacilli
are bacteria with a hard wall capsule that is resistant to heat
carrier and reservoir host
is an infected person who has disease causing germs but not have symptoms of the disease
nondisease producing microorganism are also called
nonpathogens
chemical indicator
a device that is impregnated with a special dye that changes color when exposed to the sterilization process
indirect contact
a method by wich microorganism are transmitted other than via person to person contact
medical asepsis
is the process of making an area clean and free of infectious materials and spaces
gloves
reduces hand contamination by 75%
nonpathogens
are nonharmful and are not disease producing microorganisms
viruses
can reproduce only if they are within a living cell
sterilization
occurs by using heat, steam under pressure, gas, ultraviolet light or chemicals
disinfection
destroys pathogens
surgical asepsis
is the removal of all microorganism both pathogenic and nonpathogenic from an object
when drawing blood sterile gloves are used
false
conditions that must be met for steam sterilization to occur
appropriate time period depending on size of surgiacal pack or instrument, pressure of 15 pounds, temperature of 250 to 270 F
biological indicator
provides the only tru indication that an item is sterile
sanitization occurs by using heat, steam under pressure, gas, UV light or chemical
false
hand hygiene
maintaining the hands in a clean state by using soap and water, antiseptic solution or alcohol based hand rubs
infection control
established polices and procedures that must be followed to minimize the risk of spreding diseaseproducing microorganisms
microorganism that feed on organic material are
fungia
microorganisms are microscopic animals capable of reproducing
true
paper or muslin wrapped aotoclaved items can be stored for
30 days
normal flora refers to organisms that grow on the surface of the skin and are picked up easily by the hands
false