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28 terms

Basic Kinesiology Terms

Intro Kinesiology Terms
STUDY
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Kinesiology
The study of body movement of a human
Biomechanics
Application of Mechanical principles in the study of living organisms
Kinetics
study of the action of forces
Kinematics
description of movement, form pattern sequence with consideration of space and time
Osteokinematics
gross movements of bones and joints
Arthrokinematics
Intrinsic movement in joints (twist, spin, glide, shift)
Medial
Toward to the midline of the body
Lateral
Away from the midline of the body
Anterior
Front of the body
Posterior
Back of the body
Ventral
Belly side, palm side, (like anterior)
Dorsal
Back side (like posterior)
Proximal
Closer to the trunk (mainly extremities)
Distal
Farther from the trunk (mainly extremities)
Superior
Toward the head
Inferior
Away from the head
Cranial
Toward the head (Superior)
Caudal
Toward the "tail" (Inferior)
Radial Deviation
Movement of wrist toward the thumb
Ulnar Deviation
Movement of the wrist away from the thumb
Circumduction
360 degree motion
Biomechanics vs. Mechanics
Body or living thing vs. Machine
Statics
Branch of mechanics dealing with systems in a constant state of motion
Dynamics
Branch of mechanics dealing with systems subject to acceleration
Anthropometric Factors
The study of the ways to measure the human body
Inference
The process of forming deductions from available information
Quantitative Analysis
Uses numbers (six meters, fifty turns, ten dollars, two players)
Qualitative Analysis
Uses words (good, poor, heavy, fixed, rotated)