28 terms

Prentice Hall Biology Study Guide 37-2

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connective tissue, specialized
Blood is a ____________ ____________ that contains both dissolved substances and __________ cells.
1. collecting oxygen from the lungs, nutrients from the digestive tract, and waste products from tissue 2. regulating the body's internal environment 3. helping to fight infections 4. forming clots to repair damaged blood vessels.
The functions of blood include (4)
4-6
The body has ________ liters of blood.
cells
About 45% of blood volume is ___________.
plasma
The other 55% is ______________ -a straw-colored fluid.
90%, water, 10%
Plasma is ____% _________ and ____% dissolved gases,salts, nutrients, enzymes, hormones, waste products, and plasma proteins.
albumins, globulins, fibrinogens
What are the three groups of plasma proteins?
fatty acids, hormones, vitamins
Albumins and globulins transport substances such as ________ _______, ____________, and _________ .
osmotic, blood
Albumins regulate __________ pressure and ___________ volume.
infection
Some globulins fight viral and bacterial ___________.
protein, clots
Fibrogen is the ___________ that __________ blood.
red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets
The cellular portion of blood consits of:
red blood cells
The most numerous cells in the blood are __________ ________ ________.
transport oxygen
Red blood cells _____________ ___________.
&&&&&&&&&&&&&
Red cells get their ___________ from hemoglobin
an iron containing protein that transports oxygen from the lungs tothe tissues of the body.
What is hemoglobin?
???????????
Red blood cells look like ______________ that are thinner in the center.
red bone marrow
Red blood cells are produced in the _________ ___________ ___________.
nuclei
Red blood cells have no __________.
120
Red blood cells live for about ___________ days.
hemoglobin
White blood cells do not contain _____________.
less
White blood cells are _________ common than red blood cells.
bone marrow
White blood cells are produced in ___________ ____________.
nuclei
White blood cells contain _____________.
days, months, years
White blood cells may live for __________, ____________, or ___________.
army, 1. guard against infection 2. fight parasites 3. attack bacteria.
White blood cells are the _________ of the ciculatory system-they- (3)
types
There are many ________ of white blood cells.
engulf, digest
Phagocytes ________ and __________ bacteria and other disease-causing organisms.
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