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hyōmentekina (表面的な)

superficial, outward

hyōmentekini (表面的に(は))

superficially, outwardly, on the face of it

hyōmenka suru (表面化する)

to come up to the surface

hyōon no (表音の)


hyōonkigō (表音記号)

a phonetic symbol/sign, a phonetic alphabet [-> 表音文字]

hyōonmoji (表音文字)

a phonetic symbol/sign, a phonetic alphabet [-> 表音記号]

hyōri (表裏)

two sides, both sides; dishonesty

hyōri no nai (表裏のない)


hyōri no aru (表裏のある)


hyōron (評論)

criticism, a comment, a review

hyōron suru (評論する)

to criticize, to comment on, to review

hyōronka (評論家)

a critic, a reviewer

hyōrō (兵糧)

food, provisions

hyōrōzeme ni suru (兵糧攻めにする)

to starve out

hyōryū suru (漂流する)

to drift (about)

hyōryūsha (漂流者)

a castaway, a shipwrecked person

hyōryūsen (漂流船)

a drifting ship

hyōryūbutsu (漂流物)

a drift

hyōsatsu (表札)

a doorplate, a nameplate

hyōsetsu (剽窃)

plagiarism, piracy

hyōsetsu suru (剽窃する)

to plagiarize, to pirate

hyōsetsusha (剽窃者)

a plagiarist, a pirate

hyōshi (拍子)

time, a rhythm

hyōshi o awaseru (拍子を合わせる)

to keep time

hyōshi o toru (拍子をとる)

to beat time

hyōshi (表紙)

a cover

hyōshi o tsukeru (表紙をつける)

to cover

hyōshigi o utsu (拍子木を打つ)

to strike clappers

hyōshiki (標識)

a sign, a mark, a landmark; a beacon

hyōshō (表彰)

an honour, commendation

hyōshō suru (表彰する)

to commend, to honour

hyōshōshiki (表彰式)

a presentation ceremony

hyōshōjō (表彰状)

a citation, a testimonial

hyōshōdai (表彰台)

an honour platform

hyōsō (表層)

the outer layer

hyōsōnadare (表層雪崩)

a surface avalanche

hyōsuru (表する)

to express, to show

shai o hyōsuru (謝意を表する)

to express one's thanks

ni keii o hyōshite (に敬意を表して)

in honour of

hyōsuru (評する)

to comment on

hyōsū (票数)

the votes, the number of votes

hyōtan (瓢箪)

a gourd

hyōtannamazu da (瓢箪鯰だ)

to be as slippery as an eel

hyōtei suru (評定する)

to rate, to grade

hyōteki (標的)

a mark, a target

hyōtenka (氷点下)

below the freezing point

hyōyomi suru (表読みする)

to count the ballots/votes, to estimate the number of votes

hyōzan (氷山)

an iceberg

hyōzan no ikkaku (氷山の一角)

the tip of an/the iceberg

hyū to naru (ひゅうと鳴る)

to hiss, to whiz

hyūhyū naru (ひゅうひゅう鳴る)

to whistle (through the air), to whiz

idoshi (亥年)

the year of the (Wild) Boar

i wa jinjutsu nari (医は仁術なり)

Medicine is a benevolent art

i (胃)


i ga itai (胃が痛い)

to have a stomachache

ikamera (胃カメラ)

a gastro-camera

i o furuu (威を振るう)

to exercise one's authority

i ni kaisuru (意に介する)

to mind, to care

i ni kaisanai (意に介さない)

to do not mind, to do not care

i o tsuyoku suru (意を強くする)

It is encouraging to

ina (異な)

strange, queer

i to suru ni taranai (胃とするに足らない)

It is no wonder that, No wonder that

ian (慰安)

consolation, comfort

iankai (慰安会)

a recreation party

ianryokō (慰安旅行)

a recreation trip

iatonī (胃アトニー)

gastric atony

iatsu (威圧)


iatsu suru (威圧する)

to coerce, to overpower

iatsutekina (威圧的な)


iawaseru (居合わせる)

to be present, to happen to be present

ibara (茨)

a thorn

ibara no michi (茨の道)

a thorny path

ibaru (威張る)

to be haughty, to be arrogant, to brag, to have an air of importance

ibiki (鼾)

snoring, a snore

ibiki o kaku (鼾をかく)

to snore

ōkina ibiki o kaku (大きな鼾をかく)

to snore heavily

ibiru (いびる)

to torment, to tease; to be hard on

ibitsu no (歪の)


ibitsu ni naru (歪になる)

to become distorted

ibo (疣)

a wart

ibo no aru (疣のある)


iboji (疣痔)

blind piles

ibokyōdai (異母兄弟/姉妹)

a half brother/sister

ibu suru (慰撫する)

to soothe, to appease

ibukaru (訝る)

to doubt, to suspect

ibukashii (訝しい)


ibuki (息吹き)


ibunshi (異分子)

a foreign element, an outsider

iburu (燻る)

to smolder, [部屋が] to be smoky

ibushi (燻し)


ibushigin (燻し銀)

oxidized silver

ibushigin no yōna (燻し銀のような)

sober and elegant [style of writing]

ibusu (燻す)

to smoke, [蚊を] to smoke out

ibutsu (遺物)

a relic [of ancient days]

ibutsu (異物)

a foreign body/substance

ibyō (胃病)

a stomach trouble/disorder

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