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Do you know these definitions to weather terms?
Terms in this set (53)
Form of air pollution produced by sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide,
resulting from the combustion of fossil fuels
Large body of air within the atmosphere with uniform temperature and
Pressure caused on the earth by gravity pulling the air toward the earth's
Instrument for measuring atmospheric pressure
Aggregate weather conditions of a given region over a long period of time
Aggregation of minute droplets of water or ice crystals suspended in the air
Type of front that forms when a mass of frigid air meets and displaces a
mass of warm air
Preservation or protection of the earth's natural resources
Tiny, glistening drops of moisture condensed upon plants and blades of
grass during the night
Temperature at which water vapor condenses into a liquid
Ocean regions near the equator known for dead calms and light, fluctuating
Warm current of equatorial water that periodically appears off the coast of
South America and causes water temperature to rise, resulting in atmospheric
Relatively calm center of the hurricane
Process in which heat energy is trapped and held by the earth's atmosphere
Frozen rain in the form of balls or pellets
Amount of water vapor in the atmosphere
Violent tropical storm or cyclone having a wind velocity of 73 or more
miles per hour and accompanied by severe winds and heavy rains
Period of mild, dry, and hazy summer weather during the late fall after the
Line on a weather map connecting locations with the same barometric
Line on a weather map connecting locations with the same temperature
Narrow band of fast-moving air currents found at altitudes of 10 to 15 miles
Science dealing with the atmosphere and atmospheric conditions
Type of front that occurs when a cold front overtakes a warm front and
displaces it upward
Layer of the upper atmosphere that protects the earth from ultraviolet rays
Contamination of the natural environment by man and his inventions and
Process of returning moisture to the earth in the form of rain, snow, sleet,
Winds that blow over the north and south middle latitudes from west to east
Proportion of water present in the air compared to the amount the air can
hold when it is saturated
Portmanteau word made from smoke and fog to designate a haze that forms
when smoke and chemical pollutants combine with moisture in the air
Energy that comes to the earth from the sun in the form of light
Type of front that forms when a mass of warm air meets a mass of cold
air and no movement occurs
*Also called atmospheric inversion or temperature inversion
2-word term used to designate a weather condition in which a stationary
layer of warm air settles over a layer of cool air, enabling pollutants to
build up over a city
Prevailing tropical winds whose motion has been suppressed
Areas north and south of the equator considered the earth's hottest regions
Water in the air that has changed into a gaseous state
Violent tropical cyclone originating in the Pacific Ocean, especially in the South China Sea,
named from the Chinese word for a "great wind"
Violent tropical cyclone with winds exceeding 74 miles per hour, originating usually in the
West Indies, named from the Caribbean word for "evil spirit"
Violently rotating column of air accompanied by a funnel-shaped cloud that destroys everything,
named from the Spanish word for "thunder"
Hurricane that originates in the Indian Ocean characterized by masses of air rapidly rotating
about a low-pressure center, named from the Greek word for "moving in a circle"
Warm moist summer wind that blows across the Indian Ocean and dumps heavy rains on
Identify the winds that generally blow from one direction
Identify the side of a mountain that faces
away from the wind and has little precipitation
Identify the side of a mountain that faces the wind
and has a great deal of precipitation
Identify the thin, white, delicate clouds containing ice crystals, those highest in the atmosphere at 4 or
Identify the wide gray layered clouds, the lowest ones and those associated with stormy weather
Identify the huge, fluffy white piles of dome-shaped, fair-weather clouds with flattened bases—these
clouds begin low in the sky and rise very high
Identify the dark, ragged storm clouds that produce precipitation, those known as thunderheads or rain
Nimbus, cumulonimbus, or nimbostratus
Which term designates the layer of air that surrounds the earth?
What are the most common
elements in the atmosphere?
Nitrogen and Oxygen
In which one of the 3 major climate zones is most of the U.S. located, and what are the other
Temperate zone (or Northern temperate zone) / polar zone (or the frigid zone or
the Arctic zone) and tropical zone (or the torrid zone).
Identify each of the following layers of the atmosphere.
1) Layer closest to earth
2) 2nd closest layer, which begins about 10 miles high and where clouds rarely form
3) 3rd closest layer, which begins about 30 miles high and where the lowest temperature in
the earth's atmosphere occurs
4) Uppermost region of the earth's atmosphere, which begins about 50 miles high and where
the ionosphere forms a part
5) Region of electrically charged particles that plays an important part in long-distance radio
communication because it reflects radio waves back to earth
1) Troposphere, 2) Stratosphere, 3) Mesosphere, 4) Thermosphere, 5) Ionosphere
For which instruments are 29.92 and 6.2 fairly typical readings?
Barometer and seismometer, respectively
Complete each of the following: the saying "Everybody talks about the weather, but nobody
__________"; the phrase __________ the weather," meaning "ill"; and the phrase weather the
__________, meaning "to survive difficulties."
"does anything about it" (often attributed to Mark Twain but officially credited to
Charles Dudley Warner) / under / storm.
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