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Cardio/Pulm PT Tests & Measures
Terms in this set (50)
Aortic, Pulmonic, Mitral, Tricuspid
Heart Sound Auscultation: What are the 4 areas?
right 2nd intercostal space sternal
Heart Sound Auscultation: Where is the Aortic Area Located?
left 2nd intercostal space sternal
Heart Sound Auscultation: Where is the Pulmonic Area Located?
left 5th intercostal space mid clavicular
Heart Sound Auscultation: Where is the Mitral Area Located?
left 4th intercostal space sternal
Heart Sound Auscultation: Where is the Tricuspid Area Located?
Heart Sounds: when the Mitral and tricuspid valves close, the beginning of ventricular systole
Heart Sounds: when the aortic and pulmonic (semilunar valves) close at the onset of ventricular diastole
Heart Sounds: Vibrations of the distended ventricle walls due to passive flow of blood. Normal in children, abnormal and called a "gallop" in adults
Heart Sounds: Vibration of the ventricular wall with ventricular filling and atrial contraction, may be associated with hypertension, stenosis, heart attack. Called an "atrial Gallop"
vibrations of a longer duration than typical heart sounds. May be due to stenotic or regurgitant valve
Tracheal and Bonchial
Normal breath sounds: Loud, tubular sounds heard over the trachea, Inspiratory phase is shorter than expiratory phase and there is a slight pause between them.
Normal breath sounds: High pitched, breezy sounds normally heard over the distal airways in healthy lung tissue
Lung Auscultation: Abnormal discontinuous, popping sound heard more likely in inspiration.
Pleural Friction Rub
Lung Auscultation: Dry, crackling sound heard during inspiration and expiration when inflamed visceral and parietal pleurae rub together.
Lung Auscultation: Low pitched sounds with a snoring or gurgling quality, caused by air passing through an airway which is obstructed
Lung Auscultation: Continuous high pitched wheeze with inspiration or expiration, indicates upper airway obstruction
Lung Auscultation: Continuous musical or whistling sound composed of a variety of pitches and comes from turbulent air flow due to narrowing by bronchospasm, edema, collapse, secretions
absent breath sounds
Lung Auscultation: Indicates pneumothorax or lung collapse
Voice Sounds: increased vocal resonance with greater clarity and resonance than normal
Voice Sounds: E sounds like A
weight (kg) / height (m squared)
A cardinal symptom of peripheral arterial disease where skeletal muscle oxygen demand exceeds blood oxygen supply. Characterized by cramping, aching, sense of fatigue
ECG lead location
Waveform: Indicates Atrial Depolarization
Waveform: Time that the Depolarization is conducted from the SA node to AV node
Waveform: Ventricular Depolarization and atrial repolarization
Waveform: Ventricules Repolarize
Atrial tachycardia. Stagnation of blood may predispose thrombus formation
Common arrythmia where atria are depolarized 300-600 x min. Stagnation of blood can predispose thrombus formation
1st degree AV block
AV conduction issue where almost all of the impulses get through. Results in a lengthened PR interval
2nd degree AV block
AV conduction issue where some of the impulses get through
3rd degree AV block
AV conduction issue where no impulses get through. Medical emergency that requires a pacemaker
Premature depolarization occuring in the ventricles causing an absent P wave and wide QRS
3 or more consecutive PVCs
Ventricles do not beat in a coordinated fashion. No cardiac output, pt becomes unconcious
Count number of QRS complex in 6 seconds, multiply by 10
How do you calculate heart rate by looking at an ECG strip?
The act of tapping the surface of the body to identify areas of altered density
Pulmonary Function Test
Measures the volume or flow of air during inhalation or exhalation. Typically involves subject exhaling as hard and fast into a mouthpiece which determines the FVC.
FEV1/FVC < 70% indicates _____________ lung disease
Asthma, Emphysema, chronic bronchitis are examples of which type of lung disease?
This type of lung disease is reduced overall lung volume (TLC, FEV1, FVC)
SP02 should not go below _____ with activity
Absence of spontaneous breathing
<12 breaths per minute
Normal rate and depth of breathing
Deep and fast breathing usually associated with metabolic acidosis
Chest wall moves more than normal
>40, > 35
What is the waist measurement for men and women (respectively) that predisposes them to an increased risk for type II Diabetes?
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