37 terms

Chapter 24 Flashcards

This is just my list of nouns
Second Industrial Revolution
Closed the gap between industrial growth in England and on the continent and was associated with steel, chemicals, electricity, and oil
Invented new process for cheaply making large amounts of steel
Solway process
Replaced Leblanc process of alkali production, more recovery of chemical byproducts, increased production of sulfuric acid and laundry soap
Put the internal combustion engine on four wheels making first automobile
most significant change for industry, most versatile and transportable energy source ever invented
Made cars affordable to large numbers of people
word coined during 19th century
First mass-produced machines for individual travel
Invented pneumatic tire
brothers who introduced the inner tube
trousers worn under skirts
Owned reailway newstands in England and was made a mamber of the house of lords
Krupp family
family which was a pillar of the German state
petite bourgeoisie
"white-collar" workers of the lower middle class, included secretaries, retail clerks and lower-level bureaucrats
most famous and extensively redesigned city
Napoleon III
Became determined to remodel Paris
Appointed by Napoleon III to head the reconstruction of Paris
French subway system built in 1895
Eiffel Tower
Originally built for trade exposition center which symbolized the impact of the middle class and steel
Basilica of the Sacred Heart
Built on Montmartre as an act of national penance for sins which led to losing the Franco-Prussian War
housed families whose breadwinners worked in nearby cities
Disease which spread in epidemics through 1830s-40s catching the middle class's attention
Were believed to spread disease, marked by foul odors
Albert Embankment
Built along the Thames, thick walls of concrete and granite housing sewers, gas, and water pipes
Public Health Act of 1848
British law which introduced new limits on private life for the sake of public health
Melun Act of 1851
French health law
Pasteur, Koch, Lister
Made discoveries leading to bacterial theory and increased cleanliness in cities
Saw good housing as leading to good family life and in turn patriotism
Housing reform
solution of middle-class reformers to dangers of slums
Married Woman's Property Act
British law which in 1882 allowed married women to own their own property
Difficult to attain across europe
Court of Matrimonial Causes
Allowed people to procure divorce with some difficulty in Britain
More open to female students and instructors than any other European country
University which many Russian women attended to study for medical degrees
Became seen as a feminine job because it required nurturing children
putting-out system
System of clothing production in which the manufacturer bought fabric and gave it to workers to tailor in their own homes or smaller sweatshops
Many women had to resort to this to survive because of overcrowded labor force and low wages