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"Reading Pali," Gair & Karunatillake, Lesson I, initial glossary [Velthuis]

SOURCE: This quiz is based on "A New Course in Reading Pali: Entering the Word of the Buddha," by James W. Gair & W.S. Karunatillake (1998/2005), Lesson I, initial glossary, pp. 2-4. SUPPLEMENTAL MATERIAL: An on-line class by Bhikkhu Bodhi using this text can be found at http://www.bodhimonastery.net/bm/programs/pali-class-online.html . Lesson I's initial readings (pp. 1-2) can be found in the following passages of the Pali Canon (CSCD edition): Reading 1: Khp 1 ("Saraṇattayaṃ"), see http://t…
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akusala
bad (inefficient, sinful)
agutta
unguarded
a~n~na
other
attho
advantage (meaning, aim, purpose)
adanta
untamed
anattho
disadvantage (pointlessness)
anuppanna
not arisen (PTS PED) (Gair & Karunatillake: "not having come into being")
anuppaado
(not coming into existence, hence:) non-existing
arakkhita
unprotected (unwatched)
asa.mvuta
unrestrained
asammoso
non-bewilderment (non-confusion)
aha.m
I
aarabhati
begins
aarabhati viriya.m
takes effort (strives)
uppanna
arisen (PTS PED) (Gair & Karnunatillake: "having come into being, hence 'existing'")
uppajjati
arises (is born, comes into existence)
uppaado
arising (coming into existence)
eka
one (single, only)
eva
very, certainly (Gair & Karunatillake, p. 7) (emphatic particle)
eva.m
thus
kusala
virtuous (good, efficient, skilled)
gacchati
goes
gutta
guarded (protected)
ca
and (also)
citta.m
mind
ceva (sandhi)
ca + eva
chando
desire (resolution, will)
janeti
generates (causes to be born)
.thiti
persistence (continuity)
tatiya.m
third time
iti (-ti)
quotation marker
danta
tamed
dutiya.m
second time
dhammo
doctrine, element (physical or mental)
na
not
naaha.m (sandhi)
na + aha.m
nuppajjati (sandhi)
na + uppajjati
pagga.nhaati
uplifts (takes up, makes ready, holds out/up)
padahati
exerts (strives, confronts)
parihaayati
decreases (deteriorates)
pahaana.m
abandoning (PTS PED) (Gair & Karunatillake: "avoidance, destruction")
paapaka
sinful (evil, wicked)
paaripuuri
fulfillment (completion)
pi
again, also (Gair & Karunatillake, p. 7) (emphatic particle)
buddho
a Buddha (one who has reached enlightenment)
bhaavanaaya
(to/for) development
bhaavanaa
development
bhikkhave
Oh, monks
bhikkhu
(Buddhist) monk
bhiyyobhaavo
increase (growth)
bhiyyo
greater
bhaavo
state
mahato
(to/for) great, big
mahanta
great, big
micchaadi.t.thi
incorrect views
micchaadi.t.thiko
he who has incorrect views
yathayida.m
that is to say (namely, to wit)
yathaa
as, like (Gair & Karunatillake: "thus")
ida.m
this
ya.m
which, that
yena
by which
rakkhita
protected (watched)
vaa
or
vaayamati
strives (endeavors, struggles)
viriya.m
effort (exertion, energy)
vepulla.m
fullness (abundance)
sa"ngho
community (association) (esp., of Buddhist monks)
sa.mvattati
leads to (is conducive to)
sa.mvuta
restrained (controlled)
samanupassati
sees (perceives correctly)
sammaadi.t.thiko
he who has right views
sammoso
bewilderment (confusion)
sara.na.m
refuge (protection)