31 terms

Political Science Test 1

the appeal to any document. tradition, or person that is believed to possess the controlling explanation regarding a particular issue
identify and name crucial phenomena
focuses on what questions and is usually based on one or more "facts"
specify why something happens and to provide the reason or process by which the phenomenon occurs
normative political knowledge
the fundamental ideas that can be the basis of an individual's beliefs and actions
political analysis
the attempt to describe and then explain politics
political science
a set of techniques, concepts, and approaches whose objective is to increase the clarity and accuracy of understandings about the political world
the process through which power and influence are used to promote certain values and interests
a value judgement that indicates what should occur and should be done
sets of systematically related generalizations that provide explanations and predictions about the linkages between certain concepts
affective orientation
any feelings or emotions evoked in a person by political phenomena
classical liberalism
places the higher value on individual freedom and posits that the role of government should be quite limited
cognitive orientation
what she believes are political facts
at the core of conservatism is the commitment to sustain traditional values and forms of behavior and to maintain social order
democratic socialism
a variation of socialist ideology that treats greater egalitarianism as its primary goal bus also assumes that its goals can and should be implemented by a gov. that comes to power and rules by democratic means, not violence or repression
evaluative orientation
synthesis of facts and feelings into a judgement about some political phenomenon
a political ideology that places fundamental importance on the unity and harmony of gov. and society and is defined particularly by its opposition to forces that might weaken the collective unity
Marxist- Leninist socialism
It begins with three assumptions regarding the changes necessary to produce the key of equal and social justice
materialist values
survival values
the combo of beliefs and actions is the essence of the domain of political science
national character studies
a traditional approach that attempts to capture the essence of a people's political culture
normative political knowledge
answers questions about what ought to be rather than simply providing descriptions and explanations of what is
political belief system
the configuration of an individual's political orientations
political culture
the general configuration of a particular people's political beliefs
political elite
those who have relatively high levels of power, influence, knowledge, and involvement in political life
political ideology
a comprehensive set of beliefs about the political world, including a specification of desirable political goals and the best way to achieve those goals
post materialist values
self-expression values
public opinion polls
when the attitudes of many people are gathered, aggregated, and summarized
social contract
the agreement to allow such a government to rule
the most important goal is to provide high-quality, relatively equal conditions of life for everyone, with an active state assisting in the achievement of this goal
survey research
taking a carefully selected sample of the populatiopn and then asking each person a series of questions that aims to tap individual political beliefs and actions