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Ch. 11 and 12- hydrology
Terms in this set (30)
water that is not salty and has little or no taste, color or smell
water that contains dissolved salts and other minerals
the continuous movement of water on Earth, through its atmosphere, and in the living things on Earth
the process by which liquid changes into gas
the process by which a gas changes to a liquid
any type of liquid or solid water that falls to Earth's surface
water that collects and is stored underground
allowing the passage of water
resistant to the passage of water
the highest part in the ground that is completely filled with water
an underground layer of permeable rock that contains water
a flow of water from the ground at a place where the surface of the land dips below the water table
a well in which pressurized water flows upward to the surface
a system that collects and treats wastewater from a city or town
a small sewage system, often for one home or business, that uses an underground tank to treat wastewater
Point source pollution
pollution that enters from a known source
Non point source pollution
pollution with a source that is hard to find or scattered
the process of removing salt from ocean water
Desalination is an (expensive/cheap) process.
Name the three phases/states of water
solid (ice), liquid (water), gas (water vapor)
How much of the Earth is water?
How much of Earth's water is salt water?
Where is most of Earth's salt water found?
Where is most of Earth's fresh water found?
Frozen in ice caps
What causes evaporation to speed up?
Low humidity, high temperature, wind
Where does evaporation happen the most?
Large bodies of water (examples: ocean, lakes, rivers)
When water evaporates directly from the leaves of plants
When water droplets combine, what do they form?
Movement of water from Earth's surface into permeable rock or soil
Water that hits land and does not evaporate or infiltrate the ground
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