Terms in this set (45)
a figurative mode of representation conveying a meaning other than the literal, usually through symbolism
a brief reference, explicit or indirect, to a person, place or event, or to another literary work or passage
Something unfamiliar explained using an equivalent familiar example
Short, entertaining side stories that related to the plot
used to describe a character who presents the exact opposite as to personality type or moral outlook to another character
a concise statement containing a subjective truth or observation cleverly and pithily written
Direct - author/narrator talks about the characteristics
Indirect - revealed through interaction with themselves and with others
Anything can be characterization because Characters Carry the Plot
An extended metaphor with a complex logic that governs a poetic passage or entire poem. By juxtaposing, usurping and manipulating images and ideas in surprising ways, a conceit invites the reader into a more sophisticated understanding of an object of comparison
When something has both a literal meaning that is significant, as well as a figurative meaning that is equally if not more important
Can be used to create an effect - tone, mood, or reinforce the theme or a style
The continuation of a sentence or clause over a line-break.
a usually sudden manifestation or perception of the essential nature or meaning (2) : an intuitive grasp of reality through something (as an event) usually simple and striking (3) : an illuminating discovery, realization, or disclosure b : a revealing scene or moment.
an interruption of the chronological sequence (as of a film or literary work) event of earlier occurrence.
a literary device in which a writer gives an advance hint of what is to in the story
Dashes and commas, parentheses and sentence fragments - usually a lesser form of stream of consciousness but also used to reveal the thought process of a character at a given time
Brings the audience into the scene by immersing them in the experience, in the setting
-Verbal irony is a disparity of expression and intention: when a speaker says one thing but means another, or when a literal meaning is contrary to its intended effect. An acute example of this would be sarcasm.
- Dramatic irony is a disparity of expression and awareness: when words and actions possess a significance that the listener or audience understands, but the speaker or character does not.
- Situational irony is the disparity of intention and result: when the result of an action is contrary to the desired or expected effect. Likewise, cosmic irony is disparity between human desires and the harsh realities of the outside world (or the whims of the gods).
-Verbal and situational irony is often intentionally used as emphasis in an assertion of a truth. The ironic form of simile, or the irony of sarcasm or litotes may involve the emphasis of one's meaning by deliberate use of language that states the direct opposite of the truth, or drastically and obviously understates a factual connection
When the author places two themes, characters, phrases, words, or situations together for the purpose of comparison, contrast, or rhetoric.
a figure of speech which makes an implicit, implied or hidden comparison between two things that are unrelated but share some common characteristics
is a figure of speech used in rhetoric in which a thing or concept is not called by its own name, but by the name of something intimately associated with that thing or concept. For instance, "Washington," as the capital of the United States, could be used as a metonym for its government
A form of mocking - deriding a character or a group of people, can be employed by another character, or by the narrator
When a scene is emotionally charged, although the emotional may be one such as melancholy or apathy. Used to supplement setting and sometimes to create its own effect
A symbol that is repeated throughout the narrative that relates to a specific theme of the narrative. Rarely obvious
First person, Third person limited, Omniscient
Conscious, sometimes obvious attempt to grab and hold onto the audience's attention
a figure of speech, which involves an exaggeration of ideas for the sake of emphasis
a word, which imitates the natural sounds of a thing. It creates a sound effect that mimics the thing described, making the description more expressive and interesting.
a figure of speech in which two opposite ideas are joined to create an effect. The common oxymoron phrase is a combination of an adjective proceeded by a noun with contrasting meanings, e.g. "cruel kindness"
a method of literary composition - and analysis - which involves examining apparently contradictory statements and drawing conclusions either to reconcile them or to explain their presence
Imitation of something meant to ridicule it
A form of personification - the reflection of the mood of a character (usually the protagonist) in the atmosphere or inanimate objects
one of the three modes of persuasion in rhetoric used by the author to inspire pity or sorrow in the reader towards a character
a figure of speech in which a thing, an idea or an animal is given human attributes
an object or character whose sole purpose is to advance the plot
when virtue is ultimately rewarded or vice punished, often in modern literature by an ironic twist of fate intimately related to the character's own conduct
is a feature of narrative, which includes a diversity of points of view and voices
POV (point of view)
can be shifted with or without warning to create an effect
Sentence structure/Argument structure
Watch for: subject first vs. verb first, double negatives, interesting construction, intricacy and discrepancy in the argument.
a piece of literature is the time and place in which the story
The definition of setting can also include social statuses, weather, historical period, and details about immediate surroundings.
Stream of consiousness
Usually devoid of grammar, reflects the innermost thoughts and workings of a characters mind during the stream's text
the use of symbols to signify ideas and qualities by symbolic meanings that are different from their literal
a main idea or an underlying meaning of a literary work that may indirectly.
the speaker's or narrator's attitude towards the subject, rather than what the reader feels which is the mood
examples: Ambiguity, philosophical, sarcastic, ironic, surprise, condescending, detached, etc.
Giving an expression with less strength than would be expected, can be used to the effect of highlighting the importance of the thing being understated
Voice of the author is a combination of a writer's use of syntax, diction, punctuation, character development, dialogue, etc., within a given body of text