13 terms

Discourse Analysis

Discourse analyisis terms for teachers of esl.
STUDY
PLAY
exophoric
a referencing tool which assumes shared knowledge on behalf of the reader (outside of the text).
lexical cohesion
involves repitition of an idea, a lexical chain, or signalling changes in discourse (see 'grammatical').
sentence linguistics data
isolated, grammatically well-formed, idealised but out of context sentences.
anaphoric
a referencing tool which reiterates previous ideas in a text.
cohesion
grammatical and lexical relationship between two elements of text.
parallelism
an idea or notion repeated in a text through grammar or semantics or sound (rythm, rhyme, alliteration, etc.
cataphoric
a referencing tool used to create 'tension' by referring to as yet unmentioned data.
4 types of conjunctions
additive, adversative, causal, temporal - provide surface cohesion in a text.
ellipsis
omission of subject or verb (nominal or verbal) in order to avoid repetition.
discourse analysis
the search for what gives discourse coherence.
grammatical cohesion
formal (surface) links between sentences and clauses (see 'lexical').
pronominalisation
the substitution of nouns with pronouns to avoid repitition
functional exponents
phrases used with for a specific purpose or practical result (e.g. "shall we..." to make suggestions
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