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24 terms

Ancient India Vocabulary

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subcontinent
a large land area that is topographically separate but still a part of the larger continent
monsoon
a wind system affecting the climate of India and S. Asia; reverses direction seasonally, producing a wet season and a dry season
citadel
fortress-city center in Indus River Valley
Aryan
one of a group of seminomadic people that originally came from eastern Europe and spoke a Indo-European language
caste
a division within India's class system
Vedas
a collection of sacred hymns and poems
raja
ruler
varnas
social classes
brahmin
priest
Brahman
God
Buddhism
a religion founded in India by Siddhartha Gautama; stresses moderation and nonviolence
moderation
the condition of not being excessive; not extreme
reincarnation
rebirth of soul in another living thing
dharma
the law or teachings; duty, justice, or social obligation
karma
the thoughts, speech and actions a person performs during a lifetime
sangha
Buddhism's religious community
ahimsa
nonviolence
Hinduism
the major religion and way of life in modern India
guru
spiritual teacher
meditate
think deeply
nirvana
lasting peace
missionary
person who spreads religious beliefs to others
convert
to change beliefs
guild
an association of merchants or artisans who do the same work