63 terms

HU.S.Hist Vocab for Beamers Class

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Legislature
A law making assembly
Pueblo Revolt
People in New Mexico under the leadership of a man named Popé rose up and drove the Spanish out of Santa Fe
Proprietary Colony
A colony granted by a king or queen to an individual or group who had full governing rights
Bacon's Rebellion
A rebellion led by Nathaniel Bacon in which he had complained that the western settlers weren't being protected
Religious Tolerance
The idea that people of different faiths should live together in peace
Presidio
A Spanish fort occupied by a few soldiers
Sachem
A Native American leader
Haven
A safe place
Mayflower Compact
An agreement by the Pilgrims to unite themselves under laws they pledged to obey
Conquistador
Spanish term for conqueror
Balance of Trade
Difference in value between imports and exports
Duty
Tax
Mercantilism
The belief that a country's wealth was based on how much bullion, or gold or silver, it had
Salutary Neglect
Policy of neglecting the New England Colonies because it best served Britain's interests
Staple Crop
A crop that's in constant demand
Triangular Trade
Trade between Americas, Europe, and Africa
Albany Plan of the Union
Plan for a union of the colonies
French and Indian War
Conflict between the French and the British from 1754-1763
Militia
Group of armed citizens who serve as soldiers
Prime Minister
highest official in a parliament system
Siege
To surround an enemy in order to force its surrender
Treaty of Paris (1763)
Agreement ending the French and the Indian war
Battle of Yorktown
Battle in which George Washington led his troops into Yorktown against Cornwallis
Blockade
To cut off from outside contact
Inflation
steady increase in prices overtime
Profiteering
Selling scarce items at unreasonably high prices
Treaty of Paris (1783)
Agreement that officially ended the American Revolution
System of Checks and Balances
Government structure in which each branch has the ability to limit the power of the others
3/5 Compromise
Enslaved people were to be counted as part of a states population
Constitution
A plan for how the government should be ran
Virginia Plan
Called for a legislature with representation in proportion to a state's population
Bill of Rights
Guarantees the individual rights of American citizens would be protected
Cabinet
The heads of the major departments of the executive branch
Articles of Confederation
The United States would have a government consisting of a legislature which both passed laws and enforced them
Legislative Branch
The branch of government that makes laws
Judicial Branch
The branch of the government that interprets the law, made up of judges and courts
Executive Branch
The branch of the government headed by the president executes the law
Electoral College
Decides who is the next president by the majority of votes
Amend
To revise
Federal System of Government
A system in which power is shared with state and national authorities
Separation of Powers
form of government in which power is shared between the states and the national governments
Veto
To prohibit from becoming a law
Precedent
Something done or said that becomes a tradition to be followed
Administration
Term of office
Faction
A group concerned with its own interests
Inauguration
Official swearing-in ceremony
Domestic Affairs
The country's internal matters
Republic
A government run by the people by their elected representatives
Democracy
A government by the people
Noah Webster
Writer who promoted education and stressed the importance for a standard national language
Richard Allen
Created the African Methodist Episcopal Church, and encouraged others to start their own church
John Adams
2nd U.S President
Phillis Wheatley
African American who dedicated a poem to George Washington
Charles Wilson Peale
Founded first museum
Joseph Smith
Founder of Mormanism
Susanna Haswell Rowson
Wrote a book guiding women in how to judge a prospective mate
Daniel Boone
Pioneer who helped cut the wilderness road
Benjamin Banneker
Mathematician, who is known for mapping out D.C.
Mercy Otis Warren
Encouraged other women to take up scholarly interests
Federalists
Those who favored the constitution AND strong national government, feared government more than people
Anti-Federalists
Those who were against the constitution AND believed the federalist plans posed a threat to state governments and to the rights of individuals
Federalist People
George Washington, Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, John Jay
Anti-Federalist People
Patrick Henry, George Mason, Thomas Jefferson
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