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15 terms

From Bacteria to Plants 2-1 -> 2-3

Vocabulary from text book
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bacteriophage
a virus that infects bacteria
parasite
an organism that lives inside or on another organism/host
host
a living thing that provides a source of energy for a virus or an organism
virus
A small, nonliving particle that invades and then reproduces inside a living cell
asexual reproduction
a reproductive process that involves only one parent and produces offspring that are identical to the parent
bacteria
one-celled microorganisms, some of which are beneficial and some of which cause disease
binary fission
a form of asexual reproduction in which one cell divides to form two identical cells
decomposer
an organism that breaks down chemicals from wastes and dead organisms, and returns important materials to the soil and water
Anton Leeuwenhoek
invented microscope looked at pond water called it animalcules
sexual reproduction
process in which genetic material from two parents combines and produces offspring that differ genetically from either parent
endospore
a thick-coated, resistant cell produced within a bacterial cell exposed to harsh conditions
antibiotic
a chemical that can kill bacteria without harming a person's cells
infectious disease
a disease that is passed from one organism to another
toxin
a poison that can harm an organism
vaccine
a substance that stimulates the body to produce chemicals that destroy viruses or bacteria