Upgrade to remove ads
World history: Mid-Term Review
Terms in this set (63)
The term indo-europeans refers to people who spoke a language derived from a single parent tongue.
One of the most famous indo-european groups that lasted from 1600BC-1200BC was the
Phoenicians were well known for many things. They are most well known for thier
How many different signs were used to represent sounds of their speech in the Phoenician alphabet
Under which person did ancient Israel ascend to the height of its power
The king who ruled over the Israelites. He made Jerusalem the capital of Israel. He expanded the government and army of Israel and encouraged trade. Ancient Israel reached the height of power under his rule. He is best known for building a temple in the city of Jerusalem. He was also known for his wisdom.
People that lived in the Palestine area. They thrived off of trade. They created an international trade empire. Some of their most popular exports were purple dye, glass, and lumber. They created an alphabet using Semitic language
What the Egyptians called their spiritual bodies. They believed that their physical bodieds were persevered, their spiritual bodies would be too and they would live forever.
The Epic of Gilgamesh
Am epic poem from ancient Mesopotamia that is of ten regarded as the earliest surviving great work of literature. The gods heard his subjects' plea and decided to keep Gilgamesh in check by creating a wild named Enkidu, who was a magnificent as Gilgamesh. Enkidu became Gilgamesh's great friend, and Gilgamesh's heart was shattered when Enkidu died of an illness by the gods
They created the first Mesopotamia civilization. They were one of three civilizations established in Mesopotamia. They established numerous independent cities.
A semitic-speaking people who used iron weapons to establish their empire. They established an impressive system of communication using relays of horses to carry messages. Their army was large, well-organized and disciplined. They used many different military tactics such as guerrilla welfare. As well as terror, they scared their opponents and looked towns and burned crops. They lasted less than 100 years because they were defeated by the Chaldeans and the Medes.
The kingdom of Israel(North) consisted of 10 northern tribes and its capital was Samaria.
The kingdom of Judah(South)consisted of 2 southern tribes and its capital was Jerusalem
The three aspects of the Jewish religious tradition that we discussed consisted of...
The Nile Delta is where its split to form a triangular territory-is refereed to as Upper Egypt
Egyptian rulers took the name of the Son of_______ to honor one of the sun gods
Who was said to have brought civilization to Egypt
Who created the first royal dynasty by uniting Egypt in 3100BC
Egyptians believed that humans has two bodies: a physical one and a spiritual one. What did they call the spiritual one?
The Great Pyramid at Giza was said to have built in honor of...
The Middle Kingdom was referred to as the golden age of stability.
What did hieroglyphics stand for?
"Priest-carvings" or "Sacred-writings"
King Ashurbanipal established one of the world's first...
libraries at Nineveh
Persians defeated the Chaldean king ________ who made Babylon a great city.
The Persians generally lived in what is today
The Persians were united by one family. The leader of this family ruled from 559BC-530BC. Who was he?
Cyrus the Great
The Persian ruler ruled from 521BC-486BC and extended the Persian empire to become the world's largest empire to that time...
Who was a Satrap?
A governor of a province
Ahriman was an evil spirit who was opposed by the supreme god, Ahuramazda.
The valley between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers is known as...
The Fertile Cresent
Who were the creators of the first Mesopotamia civilization?
What is a ziggurat?
A massive steptower leading to a temple
What is theocracy?
A government ruled by divine authority.
All of the following were important Sumerian innovations...
Sundial, Number system, and Wagon Wheel
Led by Sargon, the Akkadians established the world's first empire.
The Minoans were a BRONZE Age civilization
The Minoans were discovered by Heinrich Schleimann
Where were the Minoans established?
Island of Crete
Knossos was the center of a sea empire based on...
The end of the Minoans was generally regarded as slow and deliberate.
The Mycenaeans were discovered by Heinrich Shleimann
Politically,the Mycenaeans were built around
what were THOLOS tombs?
Tombs where members of royal families were buried
The Mycenaeans were generally referred to as what type of people?
Epic poems are long poems that tell
The deeds of great heroes
Homer created history and a model person fro Greek men. In his poems, the Hero strives for "arête" which meant
The government of Athens after Cleisthenes became the
Chaotic and disorganized
Within the community of the city-state, who were the citizens with no political rights?
Women and children
Byzantium was an important city that became present-day Istanbul
Greek rulers who seized power by force from the aristocrats were called
At what age could a Spartan man leave the army?
The word Spartan meant
"Wise and powerful"
Spartan men were allowed to vote in the assembly at age
Within the Spartan government there were five men called ephors who were responsible for conduct and...
what were hoplites?
heavily armed infantry soldiers
The Spartan women had greater power in the home compared to other women in Greece.
Who was the runner that brought news of Athenian victory over the Persians from Marathon to Athens saying, "victory, we win."
The movie "300" was loosely based on the Battle of...
The greeks finally defeated the Persians in 479BC with the largest army to that point at...
The Delian League was a defensive alliance formed against the Athenians
In Greece, the period from 461BC to 429BC was called the age of...
The family's primary function in Athenian life was
Have children/produce new citizens
Women in Athenian life were well-respected and allowed a high amount of control in the home
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
test Greece study quid
Chapter 4: First Age of Empires
Brugger History Chapters 3 &4 Test
Unit 2 Greece (National Geographic)
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR