Chapter 10 World History

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Terms in this set (...)

High Islands
composed of volcanic mountains, debris, are better for people and agriculture because of the rich soil and sources of water. They are a higher elevation above sea level.
Low Islands
composed of coral remains developed on submerged volcanoes. These are not good for agriculture because of rocky soil and little rain. Inhabitants usually rely on fishing
Melanesia
Includes Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands and Fiji
Micronesia
(small islands) north of Melanesia and includes mostly small low islands
Polynesia
Islands that lay in the triangle of Hawaii, Easter Island and New Zealand
Thor Heyerdahl
Proposed a theory that the original Polynesians came from South America and not Asia
John Paton
Scottish missionary who went to Aniwa Island in the New Hebrides and accomplished many things such as translation of the Bible, establishing orphanages and churches
James Chalmers
Worked to establish a ministry among the peoples of Papua New Guinea. He eventually was killed and eaten.
Alvaro de Mendaña
Set sail for Spain in search of the Great Southern Land, and found the Solomon Islands on his first voyage. He eventually died of a fever in Santa Cruz
Fernandez de Quiros
Sailed with Mendana on his second voyage and found the Marquesas and Santa Cruz
Abel Tasman
Dutch explorer who looked for the Great Southern Land and found parts of Australia, Tasmania and New Zealand instead.
Tasmania
An island south of Australia named for Abel Tasman.
Maoris
Fierce warriors who lived in the islands that would later be named New Zealand.
Louis Antoine de Bougainville
Organized an expedition to settle the Falkland Islands and eventually claimed Tahiti for France.
James Cook
An English explorer who sailed three different islands and proved that there was no great southern land. He claimed several islands for Britain, and eventually died in the Hawaiian Islands.
Scurvy
a deadly disease that is caused by a lack of vitamin C
Aborigines
Original people of Australia
Didgeridoo
An instrument that was used by the Aborigines and was hollowed out of eucalyptus wood
Marn Grook
A game played by the Aborigines that has elements of football and soccer
New South Wales
The land claimed for England by James Cook that would later be Australia
Arthur Phillip
the fleet captain of the First Fleet that brought English settlers to settle in New South Wales; He chose Sydney Cove and arrived on January 26, 1788. This date would later become Australia Day
Canberra
The capital of the Commonwealth of Australia

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