37 terms

Russian Revolution Cole

Prentice hall Textbook based
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collectives
Large farms owned and operated by peasants as a group--fiercely resisted
Bolshevik
Another name for a Communist (Marxist)
soviet
A council of workers and soldiers
totalitarian state
A form of government in which one-party dictatorship tries to regulate every aspect of the lives of its citizens
Lenin
Marxist/Communist/Bolshevik leader of the Russian Revolution
Trotsky
Colleague of Lenin who turned the Red Army into an effective fighting force during the Russian civil war
Nicholas II
Russian Czar who abdicated in 1917
Rasputin
A "holy man" who had great influence over the czarina, Alexandra
Stalin
Ruthless Soviet leader who industrialized the Soviet Union
Came as a result of the Bolshevik Revolution
Russian Civil War
Purpose of Lenin's New Economic Policy (NEP)
Rebuild the Soviet economy by allowing some capitalism
Purpose of Stalin's Five-Year plans
Turn the Soviet Union into a modern industrial power
Causes of the Russian Revolution
Military failure in WWI, lack of food and fuel
Cheka
Soviet secret police
Result of Lenin's death
Stalin took power
Moscow
Capital city of Soviet Union
Purpose of Stalin's propaganda
Increase support for Communism
Positives of Russian Revolution
Many had more food to eat, free education, free medical care, inexpensive housing. Women won legal rights.
Minuses of Russian Revolution
Very little freedom, no incentive to work hard, Stalin's murderous purges, few consumer goods, censorship
USSR
Union of the Soviet Socialist Republic (full name of the Soviet Union)
Hammer and sickle
Symbol of Soviet flag (for workers and peasants)
Great Purge
Stalin's paranoid reign of terror in the 1930's in which he killed millions
Bolshevik slogan
"Peace, land and bread"
Proletariat
Industrial working class
Abdicate
Give up high office/quit (Czar was forced to do this)
Marx
Writer who founded communism
Whites
Counterrevolutionary enemies of the Reds (Communists) in the civil war
Command Economy
A system in which the central government makes all basic economic decisions
Communism
A system in which all property is owned by the community as a whole rather than by private individuals
Atheism
Belief that there is no god (official Soviet policy)
Leadership sequence
Czar, Provisional Government, Lenin, Stalin
Communist economic sequence
War Communism (Command Economy), NEP (Mixed Economy), Five-Year Plans (Command Economy)
Military sequence
WWI, Russian Civil War, Great Purge, WW II, Cold War
Political sequence
Absolute Monarchy, Anarchy, Totalitarianism
Snowball
Trotsky
Old Major
Lenin
Napoleon
Stalin