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Rel II Ch.1 Notes
Terms in this set (50)
When does individualism become a problem?
When it drives people apart from one another- someone creates his/her own definition of self and the world.
What are two problems with consumerism?
1. it turns God's given gifts into something of worldly enjoyment, and has little accordance to God's generosity. (upgrading mentality)
2. Prayer, worship, and community can subtly be turned into a packaged product.
From a consumer's perspective, __________ can become a kind of product to be consumed with little thought of its connection to its ___________ and doctrine or it ________. Furthermore, worship, prayer, and ____________ can be subtly transformed into a religious ________ and not a communal religious practice and _________ of beliefs that bind people together.
religion; tradition; faith; community; system; product
Write St.Paul's passage from 1 Corinthians 12:12.
"As a body is one though it has many parts, and all parts of the body, though many, are one body, so also Christ.
The word "church" literally means
To understand the Church one must look to her origins in the _______. This means that the creation of _________ was always in God's ___________ plan, which continues to be carried out in __________. He created the world intending that everyone live in ___________ _______________ with him and one another.
faith; mankind; eternal; history; loving relationship
God created the first humans in his own image and endowed them with two abilities. Define each of these.
intellect- the ability to ask questions, wonder, and learn
free will- power to make choices with possibilities that they could love God and one another
What is the protoevangelium? Write it.
first announcement of salvation; "I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and hers. He will strike at your head, while you strike at his heel."
When did remote preparation of the Church begin? When did immediate preparation begin?
remote- God called Abraham and and promised him many descendants
immediate- God giving Moses the 10 Commandments, and when the Israelites were chosen by God.
The Hebrew word hesed refers to
God's faithful love for the people of Israel
What was unique about the dictations of the Hebrew Law regarding the care for one another?
special concern for widows, orphans, and strangers; denounced oppression of aliens
Israel's history was characterized by ___________ and sinfulness. __________ disputes led to the division of ___________ ___________ into two kingdoms and ensuing years were marked by _____________ to God and ignorance of the needs of the ________. Consequently, both kingdoms were plunged into ___________.
division; political; Chosen People; infidelity; poor; exile
What was God's response to these abuses?
God sent prophets to warn the people of their sinfulness and to announce a new and eternal covenant.
What is the message of the Book of Jonah?
God has compassion for all, not just the Israelites; be open to the call of repentance.
In the Old Testament, God acts over and over to form a people who are chosen not because of their merit, but simply because of his
compassion and love for them.
What is the Paschal Mystery?
Christ's work of redemption: his Passion, Death, Resurrection, and Ascension; commemorated by the Eucharist.
What are two ways of thinking about the Kingdom of God?`
1. the world as God would have it to be
2. a state of 'already, not yet'
Why did the Roams consider Jesus as a threat? Why did some Jewish authorities see him as a threat?
Jesus would destabilize their old on the region; Jesus' gospel message challenged their religious authority
By_________ choosing to go to Cross, Jesus demonstrated the breadth and depth of the _________ _________for his people. Jesus was crucified to ________ for human sinfulness. However, the Resurrection reveals God's love ________ over the power of death and that the God of __________- is a god of the __________, not of the dead.
freely; Father's love; atone; triumphs; Abraham; living
How is Christ most especially present in the Church?
in the Eucharist
Through ________, Catholics are incorporated into Christ and into the ________ ____________. It is through the Church that Jesus invites all people into a _______________ with God, and it is through her that people are able to continue to know and ___________- the healing and ___________ love of God.
Baptism; People of God; relationship; experience; forgiving
Christian living is about _________________________,not about inviting Christ into my life.
being drawn to Christ's life
The vine and the branches image about the ________ emphasizes common goals, ideals, and intimate __________. The bride of Christ image of the church reveals how Christ entered into a ________ with the Church as a man and woman do the same in the Sacrament of ___________.
Church; sharing; covenant; Matrimony
What did Jesus' disciples and Apostles begin to understand and believe about Jesus after the death and Resurrection?
They connected Jesus to their history as their chosen people
The came to believe that Jesus was the Son of God, who has power over sin and death.
Jesus promised to send the Holy Spirit to guide and direct the work of the Redemption that would continue through his followers, a promise fulfilled at __________.
At the end of Peter's powerful testimony many of his fellow Jews asked him what they should do. Write his reply.
"Repent and be baptized, every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for forgiveness of your sins, and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit."
What were the three essential teachings of the kerygma proclaimed by the Apostles?
- God loves the world and became human
-Jesus suffered for the sins of humankind, rose from the dead, and is alive
-Jesus is Savior and Redeemer
According to the Catechism of the Catholic Church, where is the Holy Spirit present in the Church?
Sacred Scripture and Tradition, the Magisterium, the liturgy, prayer ( intercession), gifts and ministries by which the Church is built, signs of apostolic and missionary life, and the witness of saints
_______________ explained that what the soul is to the human body, the Holy Spirit is to the ___________. The Holy Spirit lives in the Church as if in a _____________ and guides her and unites her in fellowship and ____________. Both images are a _______________ of the Church's intimate connection to the ___________ _______.
St. Augustine; Church; Temple; ministry; foretaste; Risen Lord
Jesus commissioned the ________ Apostles, a word meaning "____ ________," to be with him and go to preach. The number is significant because it represents the twelve _________ ____ ___________. Further, Jesus gave ____________ a special role of _______________ among the Apostles
12; to send; tribes of Israel; Peter; leadership
Jesus established a structure for his Church when he spoke to Peter. Write the passage.
"And so I say to you, you are Peter, and upon this rock I shall build my church, and the gates of the netherworld shall not prevail against it. I give you the keys to the kingdom of heaven; and whatever is loosed on earth shall be loosed in heaven." (makes Peter pope and gives priests the power to forgive)
The early Church in _____________ was active in service , distributing ________ and other goods to the poor widows. When the Greek- speaking ______ complained that their widows were not getting their ______ share, the Apostles appointed ________ men to look after the ___________________ of goods. These ministers were called ___________.
Jerusalem; food; Jews; fair; 7; distribution; deacons
The early followers of Christ thought of themselves as _____ _______
The early ___________ viewed themselves as fulfilling their _________ faith while simultaneously belonging to the Church ___________ by Christ. They continued to ___________at the Temple and to follow the Mosaic ____ as well as participate in new _______ that Jesus had instituted in their participate.
Christians; Jewish; instituted; worship; Law; rituals
In what two rites did the early Christians participate? What did they believe about the latter?
Baptism and the breaking if the bread- the believed that the Risen Lord was truly present
From Acts, it is clear that ______________ Jews were punished more severely for practicing Christianity than non- Hellenistic Jews who practicing Christianity, known in the New Testament as Hebrews.
At first, the Romans ____________ Christianity as another Jewish ____, extending to them the same privileges granted to Jews. However, as the Christians began to to move apart from ______________, Rome began to persecute them for what was seen as a lack of ________ to Rome when they refused to worship the emperor as a ____.
tolerated; sect; Judaism; loyalty; god
What are two distinctions about the presence of the followers of Christ in Antioch?
the disciples were first called Christians and was a center for missionary activity to Gentiles and St. Paul
While once a ________ of Christians, St.Paul took several _______________ trips throughout the Roman Empire. He founded several local ________ and wrote letters of instruction and correction in the _______ to them when he left. These letters became part of the _____ _______________ canon.
persecutor; missionary; churches; faith; New Testament
What questions arose about the essential elements of Judaism for Christians?
-What parts of the Mosaic Law did the Gentiles need to follow?
-did they need have to follow Jewish dietary laws?
-Was it necessary for Gentiles to worship in the Jewish Temple?
-Did male Gentiles that were converted need to circumcised?
At the Council of ________________, Paul and Barnabas argued for __________ from the Law for Gentile Christians while the Apostle __________ supported imposing the Jewish law upon all of the _________. Upon hearing both arguments, _______ reversed his position and sided with Paul; ________ no longer had t submit to the entirety of Jewish _____.
Jerusalem; freedom; James; converts; Peter; Gentiles ; law
The Council of Jerusalem determined that all Christians, both Gentile and Jew, were required to keep ______ of the Jewish laws.
Early Church writings speak of bishops who were to continue the mission commissioned to them by the ____________.
St. Peter's position of primacy was passed on to the Bishop of _______
Explain why decisions like those made at the Council of Jerusalem were important.
It made clear that Christianity was a religion of the body and just the body. The Apostles and their successors occasionally convened besides the Council of Jerusalem. Christ had chosen the Apostles to be pastors.
What issue causes difficulty for the Church in China according to Cardinal Joseph Zen Ze-kiun? What would be ideal?
the issue of evangelization ; Ideally, the Vatican and the Chinese government would agree on on the choice of bishops.
Jesus chose the ___________ to ensure that the Church would remain faithful to his mission.
What did each of the early Christians write about the Church? (St. Paul, St. Ignatius, and St. Irenaeus of Lyons)
Paul- unity of members of the Church
Ignatius- the one Church that is known by her unbroken connection with the Apostles
Irenaeus- main role of the Church was to unite people in Christ
The teachings of St. Paul, Ignatius, and Irenaeus were formalized in the _________ Creed in the early fourth century.
What are the 4 holy marks of the Church?
one, holy, catholic, and apostolic
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