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Final Exam Quiz
Terms in this set (81)
The uninterrupted passing on of apostolic preaching and authority from the Apostles directly to all bishops.
Ark of the Covenant
A sacred chest that housed the tablets of the Ten Commandments. It was placed within the sanctuary where God would come and dwell.
Baal and Asherah
Two Canaanite gods of earth and fertility that the Israelites worshipped when they fell away from the one true God.
After the destruction of the Temple and the city of Jerusalem, the Israelites were banished and hauled off in chains to serve as slaves
The collection of books the Church recognizes as the inspired Word of God.
A solemn agreement between human beings or between God and a human being in which mutual commitments are made.
The divine assistance the Holy Spirit gave the authors of the books of the Bible so the authors could write in human words the salvation message God wanted to communicate.
God's self-communication through which he makes known the mystery of his divine plan.
Worshipping false gods.
From the Latin, meaning "to become flesh," refers to the mystery of Jesus Christ becoming man.
The eleven men and one woman who served the Hebrew people as tribal leaders, military commanders, arbiters of disputes, and enliveners of faith.
The Church's living teaching office, which consists of all bishops, in communion with the Pope
A government or state headed by a single person, like a king or queen,. As a biblical term, it refers to the period of time when the Israelites existed as an independent nation.
A nation ruled by God.
The process by which God makes himself known to human reason through the created world.
The sin of the first human beings and the fallen state of human nature that affects every person born into the world.
father or leader of a tribe, clan or nation.
Beliefs in many gods and goddesses.
A person God chooses to speak his message of salvation.
Hymns or songs of prayer to God that expresses praise, thanksgiving, or lament.
The pattern of specific events in human history in which God clearly reveals his presence and saving actions
A type of leadership based on humble service to all God's people.
A word meaning covenant
The Jewish belief and expectation that a messiah would come to protect, unite, and lead to Israel to freedom.
Known as the Father of our Faith - the first patriarch
The father of 12 sons. Name was changed to Israel.
God called him to lead the people out of slavery in Egypt
The successor to Moses. He led them into the Promised Land.
The second king of the Israel people. God re-establishes his covenant with David.
Prophet of Israel who took on the prophets of Baal and Jezebel.
Good king of Judah at the time when Israel was conquered by Assyria.
Vocation of every human being
to live fully human lives in which we know, love and freely choose God.
ultimate author of the Bible
Old Testament Books
Books of Law, Historical Books, Books of Wisdom, Prophetic Books
New Testament Books
Gospels, Acts of the Apostles, Pauline Letters, Non-Pauline Letters, Revelation
The most obvious meaning of the test
The deeper meaning of the text that looks for how it points to Jesus
The deeper meaning of the text that tells us how we are to live an ethical life.
The deeper meaning of the text that describes heaven and everlasting life.
The type of literature of Genesis 1-11
We are able to love
What it means to be made in the image and likeness of God.
What God wanted for humanity when he created Adam & Eve
1. To freely choose him (because he wants to have a relationship with him), 2. to live forever, 3. To want for nothing, 4. to have them care for the rest of his creation.
Consequences of Adam & Eve's sin
1. separation from God, 2. going to die, 3. there is suffering in the world, 4. Original Sin was passed on to all humans.
sign of the covenant with Noah
sign of the covenant with Abraham
The growing number of Israelites was a threat to the pharaoh
What caused the enslavement of the Israelties in Egypt
What is at the heart of the Sinai Covenant
1. Love for God, and 2. Love for neighbor
length of time the Israelites wandered in the desert
The name of the first town the Israelites conquered.
Why Israelites wanted a king
They wanted to be like other nations. They thought that other nations were stronger because they had a more centralized form of government.
Warnings God gave the Israelites about what would happen if they had a king
1. A king will oppress them, 2. A king will heavily tax them, 3. A king will force them into military service.
The first king of the Israel people
What was recounted in the book of Job?
one human being's struggle to make sense out of what seems to be unnecessary and undeserved suffering.
Types of hymns found in the book of Psalms
1. lament, 2. thanksgiving, 3. praise, 4. petition
name of northern kingdom
name of southern kingdom
number of tribes in the northern kingdom
number of tribes in the southern kingdom
Capital of Judah
Why Jeroboam constructed 2 golden calves in Israel
So they wouldn't go to Judah to worship in the temple. Constructing one in the north and one in the south made it convenient since they covered so much land.
Country that overtook Israel
What happened to people of Israel
enslaved in Assyria
country that overtook Judah
What happened to people of Judah
enslaved in Babylon
Miracles of Elijah
started a drought, provided oil for a widow, raised a man from the dead, parted the river.
Successor to the prophet Elijah
The difference between a major and a minor prophet
The amount of print they have in the Bible. The prophets with larger books in the Bible are major prophets and those with smaller books are minor prophets.
his unfaithful wife
what the prophet Hosea compares the actions of the Israelites to.
Message of Amos
social justice prophet - God will cause destruction of Israel because of the injustice of the wealthy and ruling class
Message of Isaiah
hope for the future, messianic prophecies
Message of Jeremiah
Judah's need for repentance.
Message of Ezekiel
God will restore the Temple - return to God.
Message of Daniel
to give hope to those experiencing oppression and persecution
how long the people were exiled in Babylon
Why they could return to Jerusalem
new world power is Persia and King Cyrus allowed them to return.
Describe the lessons that we learn about suffering from the Book of Job:
We learn that suffering is not always a result of personal sin and is not a punishment from God. We learn that God does not want his people to suffer, and he hears our distress but he does allow it to happen. We learn that patience in our sufferings and struggles is essential if we are to grow in our relationship with God. We learn that God deserves our love and respect even when life doesn't go our way. We learn that God's ways are too immense and mysterious for our human minds to grasp.
What led to the united kingdom under King David and Solomon being divided into a northern and southern kingdom?
During King Solomon's reign, he started to tax the people to help pay for the many building projects that he undertook. He also forced them into military service and oppressed them by taking their crops, making them servants to the wealthy, royal family. Upon Solomon's death, the people approached his Son, the new king Rehoboam and asked him to please lighten the load that they had. He thought about it but in the end, he decided to make things worse for them because he wanted them to know that he was a stronger king than his father. This caused the people to rebel and 10 tribes refused to recognize Rehoboam as their king and instead selected Jeroboam to serve as their king. The tribes of Judah and Benjamin remained faithful to Rehoboam. The northern tribes kept the name of Israel and the southern nation became known as Judah.
Explain where Elijah heard the voice of God. What lesson does that provide for us today in our world?
There were earthquakes, storms and all of these loud events in which Elijah thought that God would reveal himself. But in all of these events, Elijah could not hear the voice of God. He finally hears the voice of God as a whisper in the gentle breeze. If we apply this to our lives today we might say that the earthquake and storms are the stress and busyness of our day to day lives. It is hard to hear God's voice because we are always busy and there is always so much noise and things that we are connected to like our phones, computers, etc. If we want to hear God speaking to us, we need to take time to be quiet to take time to actually listen for God's word to touch us.
Why was it hard to be a true prophet?
The true prophets had a difficult job because they were usually having to tell the people what they were doing wrong and how they needed to change their ways or there would be punishment by destruction and exile. It would have been much easier to tell the people that everything is cool and you just keep doing what you are doing. They stood up for the injustices of the world and because of it, some of them were mocked, beaten, and thrown in jail. It is sort of like having to stand up for something that you know is wrong but everyone is doing it.
Explain what good came from the Babylonian exile:
It was during the Babylonian exile when the Israelite people lost absolutely everything that they had that they turned to God and put their trust in him. They realized that they were in the situation that they were in because they had turned their backs on God and had denied him by worshiping false gods. We see the people finally being willing to die rather than to worship false gods. We see the process of repentance (making sorry for what they have done wrong in the past). It is sort of like someone who is an addict and has to hit rock bottom before they will be willing to accept help. This is where the Israelites were - rock bottom and they had to rely on God to raise them up.
Describe the three waves of people returning to Jerusalem. Include the people who led each wave and what the focus of the people were during each wave.
Once the Israelites were freed to return to Jerusalem after Babylon had been conquered by Persia, they did not all return at once but they returned in waves. The first wave was led by Zerrubbabel. They worked to return the temple first because if we have learned anything from the Israelites, it is that when they do not have a place to encounter God, they turn to false Gods. The second wave was led by Ezra who read the Law of Moses to the people to remind them what is expected of them and how they are to live if they want to live according to the covenant of God. The final wave was led by Nehemiah who built walls around the city to help to keep outside forces out of the city.
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