Terms in this set (36)
Chancellor of Germany from 1933-1945. Began the Nazi party. Committed suicide on April 30, 1945, to avoid being captured. He was known as the "fuhrer."
The nations who fought Germany, Italy, and Japan during WWII, primarily the United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union.
Originally included Germany, Italy, and Japan. Later joined by Bulgaria, Croatia, Hungary, and Slovakia. These countries fought against the allies.
Opposition to and discrimination against Jews.
Treating people unfavorably because they are members of a particular group.
NATIONAL SOCIALIST PARTY (NAZI PARTY)
Their purpose was to restore Germany's national pride following WWI and to position Germany as a world power established and directed by a master race of pure Aryans.
Hitler's idea of a master race. Applies to those of northern European racial background (non-Jewish)
Took away Jews' civil rights: deprived German Jews of citizenship, outlawed marriages of Jews and non-Jews, forbade Jews from displaying the German flag. Established in September 1935.
False or partly false information used by a government intended to sway the opinions of the population.
A belief that one race is superior to another.
A person or group who is given the blame for the mistakes or failures of others, promoted through the use of propaganda.
A generalized image of a person or group, which does not acknowledge individual differences and shows prejudice to that person or group.
Hitler's secret state police. They were a major force in Hitler's Final Solution. They were headed by the SS.
Originally organized as Hitler's personal bodyguard, the SS transformed into a giant organization that was most known for the destruction of the Jewish people. It was headed by Heinrich Himmler.
A section of a city where all Jews from surrounding areas, were forced to live. Characterized by overcrowding, hard labor, lack of sanitation, starvation, and disease. The Warsaw ghetto contained nearly 500,000 Jews.
"The Final Solution to the Jewish Question" was the euphemism for global plan to eradicate all Jews.
to wipe out completely.
"A fire that causes total destruction"
The extermination of 6 million Jews and millions of others by the Nazis between 1933 and 1945. The Jewish term is the Shoah, meaning "The catastrophe."
Camps set up for the imprisonment of all "enemies"—, P.O.Ws Jehovah's witnesses, gypsies, homosexuals, and eventually Jews.
Concentration and death camp in Poland. Established in 1940 as a concentration camp, it became a death camp in 1942.
Arbeit Macht Frei
"work brings freedom." This phrase was posted at the entrance gates to many Nazi camps.
An oven in which bodies of newly murdered prisoners were burned.
Nazi death centers where Jews and other victims were brought only to be killed as part of Hitler's Final Solution.
Abnormally skinny; extremely thin.
Rooms constructed to be airtight so that poison gas (Zyklon B) would enter the room and kill large numbers of people in a short period of time.
Destruction of an entire group based on race, culture, or religion.
Jewish holiday celebrating their independence and rededication of their temple that had been destroyed. (equivalent to our 4th of July - not our Christmas).
June 6, 1944. The day in which U.S. troops stormed Normandy, France, to begin fighting against Hitler's army.
"to put in prison"
to question harshly.
"Night of Broken Glass"; a mass riot in German territory instigated by the Nazis on November 9-10, 1938; vandalized and burned Jewish businesses, homes, and churches. Approximately 30,000 homes and shops were destroyed.
well known in
a negative way .
to harass or torture persistently.
The "underground" organizations working to help the Jews against Hitler and his army.
A death camp in NE Poland. 870,000 people were murdered there. The camp operated until the fall of 1943 when the Nazis destroyed the entire camp in an attempt to conceal all traces of their crimes.