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Unit 2: Chapter 8: Terms: Prentice Hall America Pathways to the Present 2005
Terms in this set (28)
A name for the late 1800s, coined by Mark Twain to describe the tremendous increase in wealth caused by the industrial age and the ostentatious lifestyles it allowed the very rich. The great industrial success of the U.S. and the fabulous lifestyles of the wealthy hid the many social problems of the time, including a high poverty rate, a high crime rate, and corruption in the government.
Policy that government should interfere as little as possible in the nation's economy.
A government payment that supports a business or market
Regulation that prohibited certain private activities people considered immoral, such as drinking alcohol on Sundays
the permanent professional branches of a government's administration, excluding military and judicial branches and elected politicians.
Pendleton Civil Service Act
Passed in 1883, an Act that created a federal civil service so that hiring and promotion would be based on merit rather than patronage.
a cash refund given for the purchase of a product during a specific period
Munn v. Illinois
1876; The Supreme Court upheld the Granger laws. The Munn case allowed states to regulate certain businesses within their borders, including railroads, and is commonly regarded as a milestone in the growth of federal government regulation.
An organized massacre of a particular ethnic group.
the part of a ship providing accommodations for passengers with the cheapest tickets.
a state, period, or place of isolation in which people or animals that have arrived from elsewhere or been exposed to infectious or contagious disease are placed.
A poor densely populated city district occupied by a minority ethnic group linked together by economic hardship and social restrictions
A provision in a deed to real property prohibiting its sale to a person of a particular race or religion. Judicial enforcement of such deeds is unconstitutional.
Chinese Exclusion Act
(1882) Denied any additional Chinese laborers to enter the country while allowing students and merchants to immigrate.
1907 agreement between the United States and Japan that restricted Japanese immigration
a citizen of another country; foreigner
a residential district located on the outskirts of a city
A building in which several families rent rooms or apartments, often with little sanitation or safety
A tenement building that narrowed in the middle, forming air shafts on either side and allowing light and air into the rooms
a party organization that recruits members by dispensing patronage
the acquisition of money in dishonest ways, as in bribing a politician
social gospel movement
A social reform movement that developed within religious institutions and sought to apply the teachings of Jesus directly to society
A center in an underprivileged area that provides community services
the study of human society
A policy of favoring native-born individuals over foreign-born ones
An organized campaign to eliminate alcohol consumption
the period from 1920 to 1933 when the sale of alcoholic beverages was prohibited in the United States by a constitutional amendment
immoral or wicked behavior
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