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Belief that objects, such as plants and stones, or natural events, like thunderstorms and earthquakes, have a discrete spirit and conscious life.

Autonomous religion

A religion that does not have a central authority but shares ideas and cooperates informally


A large and fundamental division within a religion


a social class separated from others by distinctions of hereditary rank or profession or wealth


A set of religious beliefs concerning the origin of the universe.


a group of religious congregations having its own organization and a distinctive faith


The basic unit of geographic organization in the Roman Catholic Church

Ethnic religion

appeals primarily to one group of people living in one place


Literal interpretation and strict adherence to basic principles of a religion (or a religious branch, denomination, or sect).


formerly the restricted quarter of many European cities in which Jews were required to live

Hierarchial religion

A religion in which a certral authority exercises a high degree of control.


An individual who helps to diffuse a universalizing religion.


Belief in a single God


A follower of a polytheistic religion in ancient times.


A journey to a place considered sacred for religious purposes.


Belief that many gods exist.


A relatively small group that has broken away from an established denomination


Time when the Sun is farthest from the equator.

Universalizing religion

A religion that attempts to appeal to all people, not just those living in a particular location

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