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19 terms

Chapter 6 Religion ^.^

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Animism
Belief that objects, such as plants and stones, or natural events, like thunderstorms and earthquakes, have a discrete spirit and conscious life.
Autonomous religion
A religion that does not have a central authority but shares ideas and cooperates informally
Branch
A large and fundamental division within a religion
Caste
a social class separated from others by distinctions of hereditary rank or profession or wealth
Cosmogony
A set of religious beliefs concerning the origin of the universe.
Denomination
a group of religious congregations having its own organization and a distinctive faith
Diocese
The basic unit of geographic organization in the Roman Catholic Church
Ethnic religion
appeals primarily to one group of people living in one place
Fundamentalism
Literal interpretation and strict adherence to basic principles of a religion (or a religious branch, denomination, or sect).
Ghetto
formerly the restricted quarter of many European cities in which Jews were required to live
Hierarchial religion
A religion in which a certral authority exercises a high degree of control.
Missionary
An individual who helps to diffuse a universalizing religion.
Monotheism
Belief in a single God
Pagan
A follower of a polytheistic religion in ancient times.
Pilgrimage
A journey to a place considered sacred for religious purposes.
Polytheism
Belief that many gods exist.
Sect
A relatively small group that has broken away from an established denomination
Solstice
Time when the Sun is farthest from the equator.
Universalizing religion
A religion that attempts to appeal to all people, not just those living in a particular location