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124 terms

Medical Office 1 Week 1

Medical Office 1 Week 1
STUDY
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disease was connected to filth and overcrowding, drained the marshes, built a sewer system to draine water
What did the Romans discover regarding sanitation, and what did they do about it?
they wraped blood stained bandages around the white poles outside to dry
How did the red and white poles originate?
trotula platearius
earliest known female physician
elizabeth blackwell
first female physician in the united states
walter reed
discovered the cause of yellow fever was a virus carried by a mosquito.
sir alexander fleming
accidently discovered that a mold that got on a culture prevented the bacteria from growing, which led to the development of penicillin.
fredrick banting
discovered insulin
willem kolff
invented the first artificial kidney
jonas salk
This doctor and a group of researchers successfully isolated the polio virus, leading to 1,830,000 children being protected with a vaccine by the end of the summer of 1954.
hippocrates
*founder of scientific medicine
*illness not punishment for sin
*stressed diet and cleanliness
*listen to a person's chest to find diseases
*fractures and surgery
*Hippocratic Oath
psych/o
mind
ophthalm/o
eye
path/o
disease
ren/o
kidney
rhin/o
nose
radi/o
x-ray, radioactivity
onc/o
tumor, cancer
sarc/o
flesh, sacrum
thromb/o
clot
ur/o
urine, urinary tract
oste/o
bone
sect/o, cis/o
to cut
leuk/o
white
erythr/o
red
gynec/o
female, women
bi/o
life
arthr/o
joint
encephal/o
brain
cyt/o, -cyte
cell
carcin/o
cancerous, cancer
cerebr/o
cerebrum (largest part of brain)
glyc/o
sugar, glucose
hepat/o
liver
ped/o
child, foot
cyst/o
urinary bladder, cyst
aden/o
adrenal gland
cephal/o
head
enter/o
intestines (usually small)
derm/o, dermat/o
skin
cardi/o
heart
-logy
study, process of
-gram
record
-globin
protein
-scopy
visual examination
sub-
under
epi-
above, upon
hypo-
below, deficient
dia-
complete, through
trans-
accross
retro-
back, behind
end-, endo-
in, within
babylon
established the legal code for medical practice that set fees for services and established rules of conduct.
china
accupuncture was originated by who?
malpighi and van leeuenhoek
invented the microscope
spread of disease causing death from exposure
How did the discovery of the Americas have an impact on colonists, native Indians and Europe?
admissions clerk
obtains medical histories and patient information when patients are admitted to the hospital.
cytologist
a laboratory technician who specializes in the formation, structure and function of cells
electrocardiogram technician ECG Tech
skilled in performing EKG (ECG) tests and are employed in medical clinics and hospitals.
medical assistant
professional trained to work under the direction of a physician in offices and a variety of health care settings
registered nurse RN
completed a course of study at a state approved school and passes the licensure exam
nurse midwife
a professional RN who has had extensive training and experience in labor and delivery.
manage normal pregnancies and deliveries that potentially have no risks of developing complications
nurse practitioner NP
an RN who has advanced training and clinical experience in a branch of nursing (they hold a master's degree)
employed by physicians in private practice or clinics
practical nurse LVN or LPN
trained in basic techniques and direct patient care
nutritionist
studies and applies the principles of science of nutrition (the study of food and drink as it relates to growth and maintenance of living organisms)
dietician RD
a person with specialized training in the nutritional care of groups and individuals, including patient instruction for well balanced special or regular diets.
occupational therapist OT
a person that uses purposeful activity with individuals who are limited by physical injury or illness, psychosocial dysfunction, development or learning disabilities, and other issues, in order to maximize independence, prevent disability and maintain health
physical therapist PT
a person licensed to assist in the examiniation, testing and treatment of physically disabled or handicapped people, and those going through physical rehabilitation
physician assistant PA
a person trained in certain aspects of the practice of medicine or osetopathy to provide assistance to the physician.
DC
doctor of chiropractic
DDS
doctor of dental surgery
DPM
doctor of podiatric medicine
phD
doctor of philosophy
MD
doctor of medicine
DO
doctor of osteopathy
NIH
National Institutes of Health
WHO
world health organization
CLIA
clinical laboratory improvement amendments
OSHA
occupational safety and health administration
HIPAA
health insurance portability and accountability act
cleanliness
daily shower, use deodorant, shampoo hair often, brush and floss teeth, use mints and mouth wash when necessary.
posture
the ease with which you move around reflects your poise and confidence.effects your posture and amount of fatigue you experience.
hand care
fingernails manicured and cut below the fingertips, wash hands pay close attention to nails. Keep hand cream or lotion handy to use after washing. Follow guidelines regarding polishes should be light colored and clean.
hair
keep clean and away from face. Pin or use fastner to put up and back away from face.
proper attire
clean and free from wrinkles and fit well, keep shoes clean and have shoestrings. Undergarments should not be seen beneath the uniform or through fabric.
jewelry
only wear wedding ring and small single earings on each ear. prevent collecting germs. no facial piercings should be worn during work not professional grooming.
frangrance
perfumes, colognes, aftershave could be offensive to some patients and can cause allergies. should not be worn if needed wear something light and clean-smelling
cosmetics
should be tasteful and skillfully applied.
conservative
cautious and prudent, not wasteful
empathy
When you tries to identify your fellings with those of another, you are exhibiting this?
initiative
a person who demonstrates ambition, hustle and is a self-starter has?
administrative skills
scheduling appointments, inpatient/outpatient admissions/procedures, creating/maintaining of medical records, filing records/documents, insurance and coding, billing and collections, bookkeeping
clinical skills
aseptic technique, vital signs, sterilization & minor surgery, collecting/processing and testing specimens, performing ECGs, administering medication, screening patients, assisting with procedures/treatments, responding to emergencies
communication skills
role of liasison between patient, provider, np, physician, skills promote positive interaction with co-workers, supervisors, and external associates that conduct business with the practice.
legal and ethical concepts
these skills help prevent unnecessary litigation and keep the medical assistant practicing within his or her scope of practice.
instruction
patient education include disease prevention and management, medication management, and overall health maintenance.
operational functions
these are functions that are necessary to keep the equipment and facility running effectively.
neurology
diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the central nervous center
nurse
a person that practices activities that contribute to the health and recovery of paitents from illness
punctuality
showing up at an appointed time
physical medicine
diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders with physical agents (physical therapy)
obstetrics
provides direct care to females during pregnancy, childbirth and immediately therafter
confidentiality
If you never give out information about a patient without their permission, you are practicing?
oncology
diagnosing and treating tumors and cancer
endocrinology
diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the glands of internal secretion
psychology
evaluating and treating emotional problems through counseling of individuals, families and groups
joseph lister
He was responsible for the foundation of medical asepsis.
respiratory therapist
a member of the healthcare team that performs procedures of treatmet that maintain or improve the ventiltory function of the respiratory tract
otorhinolaryngology
diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the ear, nose and throat
spread of disease
What was the reason for the collapse of the Roman Empire?
OD
optometrist
orthopedics
diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the bones, musles, ligaments, tendons and fractures of the bones.
vital signs, assist with prodcedures, prepare meds, take pt history
Name at least 4 clinical duties
neat hair, manicured cut nails, clean pressed uniform, tasteful makeup
List the physical attributes that supports the perception of a professional
psychiatry
diagnosing and treating pronounced manifestations of emotional problems or mental illness that may have an organic causative factor
medical record maintanence, schedule appointments, answer phones, billing
Name at least 4 administrative duties
staff and a snake
accepted medical symbol "caduceus" looks like this?
adaptability
changing your schedule to work for someone or perform duties not usually your responsibility is an example of this?
hematology
diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the blood and blood forming tissues
A, B, AB, O
Name the four blood types
gynecology
correct spelling for the study of woman
biopsy
correct spelling for microscopic view of living tissue
psychology
correct spelling for the study of the mind
leukocyte
correct spelling for white blood cell
erythrocyte
correct spelling for red blood cell