History Chapter 15
Terms in this set (32)
Italian diplomat writer, he wrote The Courtier one of the most important books of the Rennaissance.
Italian political philosopher and salesman, he wrote the Prince which advised rulers to separate morals from politics
Lorenzo de Medici
Florentine ruler; he supported some of the most talented Renaissance artists. He is known fro his patronage and liberal mind
Lenardo da Vinci
was an Italian Renaissance painter, sculptor, architect, musician, scientist, mathematician, engineer, inventor. He is widely considered to be one of the greatest painters of all time and perhaps the most diversely talented person ever to have lived; painted Mona Lisa and The Last Supper
Italian Renaissance sculptor, architect, painter, and poet; he scupleted the Pieta and the David and he painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.
Italian Renaissance painter; he painted frescos, his most famous being the School of Athens
Rebirth; Following the middle ages a movement that centered on the reicical of the interest in classical learning of Greece and Rome
an intellectual movement during the Renaissance that focused on the study of wordly subjects such as poetry and philosphy, and on human potential and achievements
having to do with wordly as opposed to religious matters
german incentor and printer; he invented the movable type
dutch priest and humanist; he wrote on the need for a pure and cimple christian life.
Sir Thomas More
english statesman and author; he wrote utopia, which describes an ideal society.
english dramatist and poet; he is considered one of the greatest dramatist of all time and wrote such works as Romea and juliet.
Christine de Pisan
french poet and author; her work the city of women discusses the role of women in society
german painter, engraver. and theorectician; he combined italian renaissance techniques of realsim and perspective with elements unique to the northern renaissance, such as the se of oils in his paintings.
Jan Van Eyck
flemish painter; his paintings focused on landscapes and domestic life and fused the everyaday with the religious.
pardon sold by catholic church to reduce one's punishment
a German monk who became one of the most famous critics of the Roman Catholic Chruch. In 1517, he wrote 95 theses, or statements of belief attacking the church practices.
government run by religious leaders
French humanist whose theological writings profoundly influenced religious thoughts of Europeans. Developed Calvinism at Geneva. Wrote Institutes of Christian Religion
the belief that what happens in human life has already been determined by some higher power
English king who created the Church of England after the Pope refused to annul his marriage (divorce with Church approval)
declared invalid based on church laws
This queen of England chose a religion between the Puritans and Catholics and required her subjects to attend church or face a fine. She also required uniformity and conformity to the Church of England
catholic church's attempt to stop the protestant movement and to Strengthen the Catholic Church
Also known as the Society of Jesus; founded by Ignatius Loyola (1491-1556) as a teaching and missionary order to resist the spread of Protestantism.
an ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church convened in Trento in three sessions between 1545 and 1563 in response to the Reformation
Ignatius of Loyola
Spaniard and Roman Catholic theologian and founder of the Society of Jesus
Archbishop of milan who wanted better educated priests
Francis of Sales
got protestant areas of France to come back to the Church
Teresa of Avila
(1515-1582) Spanish Carmelite nun and one of the principal saints of the Roman Catholic Church; she reformed the Carmelite order. Her fervor for the Catholic Church proved inspiring for many people during the Reformation period.
a reform movement