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Terms in this set (20)
Affirmative Action Laws are designed to remedy which kind of discrimination?
The Landmark case of Brown v Board of Education ruled that segregated schools were not acceptable because of the
"Equal protection" clause of the Fourteenth Amendment
The Thirteenth Amendment effectively invalidated which Supreme Court decision?
Dred Scott v Sandford
Which of the following are incorrectly paired
Thirteenth Amendment -- Right of women to vote
Twenty-First Amendment -- Banning of Poll tax
in the case of California v Bakke, the Supreme Court ruled that
Affirmative actions admissions to a medical school could cause "reserve discrimination"
Racial discrimination in public accommodations such as restaurant and hotels was banned in
The Civil Rights Act of 1964
Affirmative actions refers to
a policy giving special consideration to groups that have been disadvantaged historically
The proposed Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) was proposed by Congress but fell three states short of the 38 needed for ratification. If adopted, the ERA would have banned discriminated based on
The biggest difference between civil rights and civil liberties is that
Civil liberties have to do with individual protections while civil rights are protections on the basis of group attributes
Which Supreme Court case upheld the placing of Japanese citizens in internment caps during World War II
Korematsu v. United States
Which of the following bars educational instructions that receive federal funds from discriminating against female students
The Equal Rights amendment of
One area in which African Americans have made substantial progress since the 1960's
is Elective Office
All of the following statements are true EXCEPT
Women tend to have a greater tendency to vote for Republican candidates than men
The strict scrutiny test applies to
race and ethnicity
What happened when federal troops withdrew from the South in 1877?
Jim Crow laws were passed which segregated the races, and through the Plessy v Ferguson decision, the Supreme Court established the separate but equal doctrine
The Supreme Court overturned the constitutionality of separate but equal facilities in
Brown v. Board of Education
The Equal Rights Amendment states "Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any state on account of sex." Which of the following is true about the Equal Rights Amendment
The ERA fell three states short of the three-fourths majority it needed to be ratified
At the end of the Civil War, as a result of the Northern victory, what Amendments became part of the Constitution?
Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth
A clause of the Fourteenth Amendment guarantees all citizens receive "Equal protection under the law." The restraints of equal protection apply to
Actions of the governments, not private individuals
Rational basis is a
standard developed by the counts to test the constitutionality of the law; when applied, a law is constitutional as long as it meets a reasonable government interest
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