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ethnic studies notes unit 1
Terms in this set (67)
subordinate group whose members have significantly less control or power over their own lives than do the members of a dominant group
dominant group in society,possess more control over there own lives than that of minority groups.
the status of being between two cultures at the same time,such as the status of Jewish Immigrants in the United States
a general term that describes transfer of population
a socio-historical process by which racial categories are created,inhibited,transformed,and destroyed.
a doctrine that one race is superior
any arbitrary police-initiated action based on race,ethnicity,or national origin rather than a persons behavior.
negative attitude towards a group of people based on race — not on direct knowledge or experience
A group of people identified as distinct from other groups because of supposed physical or genetic traits shared by the group
the policy of the South African government intended to maintain separation of blacks,coloreds,and Asians from the dominant whites.
the maintenance of ones ethnic ties in a way that can assist with assimilation in larger society.
the process by which subordinate groups or individual takes on the characteristics of the dominant group
de jure segregation
children assigned to schools specifically to maintain racially separated schools,enforced by law
de facto segregation
segregation that is the result of residential patterns,not enforced by law,redlining
a pattern of social institutions — such as governmental organizations, schools, banks, and courts of law — giving negative treatment to a group of people based on their race.
white privilege,white benefits
term for societal privileges that benefit people identified as white in Western countries, beyond what is commonly experienced by non-white people under the same social, political, or economic circumstances.Rights or immunities granted as a particular benefit or favor for being white.
the existence of unequal opportunities and rewards for different social positions or statuses within a group or society
describes a nostalgic allegiance to, love for, and pride in a cultural tradition that can be felt and lived without having to be incorporated to the person's everyday behavior; as such, a symbolic ethnic identity usually is composed of images from mass communications media ...
the fact or state of belonging to a social group that has a common national or cultural tradition.
refers to the discrimination against one person by another. It is a personal act of discrimination caused by certain negative attitudes toward another person. It can occur because of ethnic or racial differences between the affected individuals
gives expression to myths about other racial and ethnic groups, that devalues and renders inferior those groups, that reflects and is perpetuated by deeply rooted historical, social, cultural and power inequalities in society."
third generation interest
The pattern of grandchildren of immigrants increasing their interests in their ethnicity.
a process where the dominant white group has constructed certain groups as being racially inferior or superior for the purpose of oppression.
one drop of blood history/hypo decent
also known as hypo-decent by anthropologists, states that any person who has even a drop of black blood would be considered black according to American law. This one-drop rule was rooted in the Virginia General Assembly's Racial Integrity Act of 1924, which mandated that every person be clearly defined in terms of their race upon birth.
if a person was 1/16th or less Native American, they would still be considered white. But one drop of Negro (they used the term 'negro' until it was replaced by 'black' in the late 1960s) blood would make someone black.
interbreeding amongst people of different races, started to occur
the physical separation of two groups,often imposed on a subordinate group by the dominant group.
the action of withdrawing formally from membership of a federation or body, especially a political state.
the action of depriving someone of membership in an organization
killing, especially of a whole group of people or animals. Complete destruction.
the process or result of joining two or more things together to form a single entity.
The incorporation of one territory into another
the policy or practice of acquiring full or partial political control over another country, occupying it with settlers, and exploiting it economically.
a notion of structural political and economic inequalities between regions within a nation state.
world systems theory
developed by sociologist Immanuel Wallerstein, is an approach to world history and social change that suggests there is a world economic system in which some countries benefit while others are exploited.
race as a social construct
no gene or cluster of genes common to all blacks or all whites.It has never been proved that there a genes separating whites from blacks. Race is a socially formed idea to separate and group people.
race as a biological concept
one which claims to recognize a small number of divisions or categories within which human beings 'fit' by virtue of some recognizable feature or features biologically inherited. Claims to genetic/physical differences between races. Relates to ideological racism.
culture that is the most powerful, widespread, or influential within a social or political entity in which multiple cultures are present. In a society refers to the established language, religion, values, rituals, and social customs. These traits are often the norm for the society as a whole
Louis Wirth defined a minority group as "a group of people who, because of their physical or cultural characteristics, are singled out from the others in the society in which they live for differential and unequal treatment, and who therefore regard themselves as objects of collective discrimination."
characteristics of subordinate group
The members of minority groups have relatively low power, prestige and economic position in a society's system of social stratification. Not only this, they have to observe the norms, values, cultural patterns and laws of the majority (dominant) group.
blaming the victim
occurs when the victim of a crime or any wrongful act is held entirely or partially responsible for the harm that befell them. The study of victimology seeks to mitigate the perception of victims as responsible.
looking enough like the majority group to "pass" and be a part of it
acted out prejudice
refusal for housing loan based on race. happened after WWII because G.I bill helped white soldiers get low interest mortgages,but law did not include black soldiers. Pushed black people into own communities,creation of low income housing.
divide and conquer
pin subordinate groups against each other so they would not ban together to fight against majority group.
slavery started as indentured servitude,both whites and black were indentured. Whites could bear arms,black could not. White servants were treated superior to the black servants. Owners pinned white and black servants against each other to keep away from revolt.
brown vs.board of education
1954,decided that 'separate but equal' was not fair. Made it illegal to make different races go to separate schools.
acknowledge that minority groups face more challenges and difficult circumstances compared to majority groups.
segregation laws in south meant to keep black and colored people at an inferior position to whites
5 Conditions of Slavery
slavery was for life,status was inherited,slaves considered property,slaves denied rights,coercion was used to maintain the system
started when James Meredith marched to encourage African Americans to vote. Rejected ideas of assimilation into white society.Used self-defense to further there movement towards desegregation and equality
blacks from south move to north for jobs and opportunity,less racism. Due to lack of housing for blacks,many created own communities within large cities.Harlem NYC.
Indian Removal Act 1830
relocation of eastern tribes across Mississippi river
trail of tears 1838
relocation to Oklahoma,several thousand natives died
homestead act 1862
encouraged western migration by settlers gave 160 acres of land each
Indian appropriation act
no nation tribe would be recognized as independent nation tribe
Geronimo's Apache Resistance
westward expansion,whites had right to explore and conquer lands
Dawes Act 1887
bypassed tribal leaders and proposed making individual landowners of tribal members
1934 Indian Reorganization Act
tribes could adopt a written constitution and elect a tribal council with a head
1952 employment assistance
relocated reservation people to urban areas for jobs "brain drain"
1953 Termination Act
closed reservation and their federal services
1968 American Indian Movement
'self determination act' tribes demanded right to govern themselves and have civil rights
1975 Indian Self Determination
increase involvement of tribal people and governments and education assistance act
refers to a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy. In the United States, it is perfectly clear that some groups have greater status, power, and wealth than other groups
labeling=the view of deviance according to which being labeled as a "deviant" leads a person to engage in deviant behavior. Originating in Howard Becker's work in the 1960s
functionalist perspective=Emile Durkheim, how social order is possible and how society maintains stability
conflict=karl marx,conflict is created when there is an unequal balance of power between societies
the refusal to comply with certain laws or to pay taxes and fines, as a peaceful form of political protest.
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