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The Supremacy Clause is located in the __ Article of the U.S. Constitution.


The Supremacy Clause...

states that federal law trumps state law

The decision that emphasized the fact that States cannot tax the federal government or its entities.

"The power to tax is the power to destroy."

The decision asserted that Congress has many powers not specifically given to it in the Constitution, via the "Necessary and Proper"/"Elastic" Clause.

McCullough v. Maryland 1819

The U.S. Constitution originally DID/DID NOT allow taxation unless it was in proportion to the census.


A federal tax was invalidated in this decision because it wasn't apportioned. It was therefore unconstitutional.

Pollock v. Farmer's Loan & Trust Co. 1895

After the __th amendment passed, Congress had the power to tax however it wanted. Congress passed it in ____ and it was ratified by 3/4 of the States in ____.

16 1909 1913

This U.S. Supreme Court decision required States to draw their state senate district lines so that the weight of each person's vote was the same.

Reynolds v. Sims 1964

This decision extended the "one man, one vote" decision to apply to county, city, and town legislature districts in addition to state house and senate districts.

Avery c. Midland County 1968

This well-liked, influential Republican floor leader in the U.S. Senate during the 1960s was from Illinois.

Everett Dirksen

Democrats in Illinois increased the necessary fractional majority to pass an amendment to _/_.


The new _/_ requirement instituted by Democrats in Illinois helped prevent the passage of the...

Equal Rights Amendment.

This Act allows the federal government to strictly control the voting laws in certain states for the purpose of reducing racial discrimination in voting. According to the Act, the U.S. Department of Justice must pre-clear changes in State and local election laws before they go into effect.

Voting Rights Act

Section 5 Covered Jurisdictions (Entire States):

Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia

Section 5 Covered Jurisdictions (Partial States):

California, Florida, Michigan, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, South Dakota

Bringing children by bus to distant schools to improve racial integration and balance. This practice was brought about by the U.S. Supreme Court decision Brown v. Board of Education.


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