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20 terms

hinduism

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Veda
One of the oldest and most sacred ancient texts or Hinduism. The name means knowledge or wisdom
Bhagavad-Gita
This is part of the Mahabharata and many people believe that it contains some of the basic beliefs of Hinduism.
Ascetic
A person who rejects society and material comforts to attain spiritual insight.
Upanishads
Ancient texts that both support but also challenge some of the ideas of the Vedas.
Brahman
The ultimate reality in Hinduism. It is taught that it cannot be perceived by the senses.
Atman
One's innermost being or soul.
Karma
One is reborn by the nature of these actions. They can be either good or bad.
Dharma
Moral and religious laws of conduct as conveyed in the Ramayana and Mahabharata
Bhakti
The type of devotion (worship) that one performs which depends on both the relationship they have with a god or goddess, and the emotions or moods that the specific god or goddess evokes.
Darsan
The visiting of local temples or temple attendance
Puja
Ritual devotion which usually include offerings of food or sweets to deity.
Tirthas
Religious pilgrimages to places such as temples and rivers.
Varanasi
The city is considered one of the most famous places for pilgrimage. It is known as Shiva's City.
Divali
The festivals of lights, Homes are illuminated with lamps to welcome Lakshmi.
Samskaras
Life cycle rituals performed by Hindus at birth, marriage, and death.
Sanskirit
The oldest surviving Indo-European language brought to Indus Valley by the Aryans
Varnas
The four divisions of society as described in the Rig Veda.
Jatis
The thousands of social divisions, usually by profession, within each of the four major divisions of society described in #4.
Yoga
Disciplined meditation
Moksha
The point of liberation where the soul is freed from the cycle of rebirth