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Refers to a work with larger entities, such as citizen groups and directors of organizations, for the following purposes: (1) To find solutions to asocial problems; (2) to develop specific qualities in community members, including proactive behavior, see-directness, and cooperativeness; and (3) to bring about needed changes in the quality of community relationships as well as in the way the decision-making power is distributed (Dunham, 1970). community Organization involve planning (identifying problem areas, diagnosing causes, and formulating solutions); organizing (developing the constituencies and devising the strategies necessary to bring about change); and action (implementation of selected strategies). Community Organizations typically work in urban centers. Social workers who provide direct services in rural areas may have to perform community organization task because of the absence of community organizers in these locales.
The Basic Tenets of Community Organization include
The community is the client. Communities may need assistance in leaning how to meet their needs. In the context of a democracy, people need to learn the skill that will enable them to work collaboratively with others to eradicate social problems. The lives of human beings can be enriched by achieving a better balance between resources available for social welfare and the social welfare needs of community problems, The community needs to be understood and accepted as it is. It is essential to fully involve all elements of the population. Community organization involves work with various intracommunity entities. The different elements of a community are interdependent.
The Problem-Solving process, in the community Organization Involves #1
Identification or analysis of a problem, which involves a variety of possible tasks including: evaluation of the state of system (neighborhood or country) that is the focus of attention; identification of those social values that the targeted problem violates; identification of who is affected, either directly or indirectly, by the targeted problem; analysis of the scope of targeted problem; Identification of the causes of targeted problem; determination of the willingness of the system to provide the necessary demand for services and the fiscal resources that will be needed to meet this demand.
The Problem-Solving Process, in the community organization involves #2
Identification and recruitment of individuals who will provide various forms of support to the planning/organizational efforts, including funding and coordination of their efforts throughout the process.
The Problem-Solving Process, in the community organization involves #3
Identification of the goals and objectives of the change efforts
The Problem-Solving Process, in the community organization involves #4
The creation of a plan of action for the achievement of the identified goals that makes use of program supporters and funders, which involves negotiating with interest groups, and to a lesser extent, the use of the following rational process: the use of information obtained to describe the problem and to predict phenomena associated with the problem; Identification of all purpose approaches to solving the problem; determination of the consequences that are likely to result from each approach identified; performance of a cost-effective evaluation of each approach.
The Problem-Solving Process, in the community organization involves #5
Determining and obtaining needed resources.
The Problem-Solving process, in the community organization involves #6
Implementation and monitoring of the plan of action-consists of a variety of tasks including the following: administrative task such as securing and training staff and setting up quality control procedures; the development of polices and procedures; managing relations with external public and private organizations and with other groups; recording or documenting of the process and actions of participants.
The Problem-Solving Process, in the community organizations involves #7
Evaluation of the impact of the intervention.
The Problem-Solving Process, in the community organization involves #8
Reassessment and stabilization of the problem situation.
Roles that the Community Organizer assumes include
Teacher, catalyst, Facilitator, add Linking Role
Assist in increasing human capacity through educating.
Motivates others to take necessary action.
Assist community members to follow through on commitments.
Facilitates bringing together of relevant factions of the community.
Change Strategies in Community Organizations include
Social Protest, Legal efforts, community education (media) Self-Help Groups, Negotiating, Lobbying, Action Research, and Whistleblowing.
Can involve strategies such as demonstrations boycotts, and symbolic acts (mock awards).
Are seen in the use of lawsuits or mediation (brown vs . the Board of Education, which put an end to segregation schooling).
Community Education (media)
May include strategies such as later writing, public hearings, pamphlets, booklets, videos, posters, advertisements, talk shows, and feature stories.
May be formed and managed by group members for mutual aid and and the achievement of specific purpose. coalitions are often formed with other groups to bring about desired change.
Involves efforts to work directly with opposition groups in an attempt to bring about desired changes.
Involves efforts to influence a government decision-maker to create or support desired legislation.
is research that exposes social problems and attempts to exert influence on others to do something to resolve the problem.
is a strategy to drawing attention to inappropriate practices, typically where one works and lives, with the intent of stopping the practice.
When selecting community organization strategies, a social worker should
Choose strategies that are consistent with his or her values, most likely to empower the community, most likely to clarify his or her perspective on the relevant issue, and consistent with his or her style of leadership
Change Strategies in Community Organizations practice include
Locality development, social planning, social action, and social reform.
Is a process of utilizing community members to create change. Community organizers work with a cross section of citizens to form relationships and identify common concerns and interest. The focus is on building a cohesive community through eduction, participation, and leadership. The process creates a song community infrastructure that will be able to respond to its needs.
Involves studying a problem situation in a targeted community and proposing a plan. Foci planning are coordination of social services, rational problem-solving, research, systems analysis, and development of expertise and leadership.
is the use of power and control techniques to bring about change. Many areas of significant social change have been accomplished by aggressive social action (women's suffrage, civil rights, social protest). Leadership and establishment ways of doing things are changed.
Is the process of working with other agencies to create change. Social workers can be instrumental in rearranging social institutions or changing institutional policies in order to achieve social justice or eliminate structural inequities.
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